Ukraine Demographics

Population of Ukraine (2023)

View live population, charts & trends: Population of Ukraine

Ukraine Population
Yearly Change
Global Share
Global Rank

Median Age

The median age in Ukraine is 44.7 years (2023).

Fertility in Ukraine

A Total Fertility Rate (TFR) of 2.1 represents the Replacement-Level Fertility: the average number of children per woman needed for each generation to exactly replace itself without needing international immigration. A value below 2.1 will cause the native population to decline

pregnant_woman Total Fertiliy Rate (TFR)
(Live Births per Woman, 2023)

Life Expectancy in Ukraine

See also: Countries in the world ranked by Life Expectancy

Both Sexes
73.0 years
(life expectancy at birth, both sexes combined)
78.1 years
(life expectancy at birth, females)
67.7 years
(life expectancy at birth, males)

Infant Mortality Rate and Deaths of Children under 5 Years Old in Ukraine

Infant Mortality
(infant deaths per 1,000 live births)
Deaths under age 5
(per 1,000 live births)

Ukraine Urban Population

Currently, 81.9 % of the population of Ukraine is urban (30,082,220 people in 2023)

Population Density

The 2023 population density in Ukraine is 63 people per Km2 (164 people per mi2), calculated on a total land area of 579,320 Km2 (223,677 sq. miles).

Largest Cities in Ukraine

1 Kyiv 2,797,553
2 Kharkiv 1,430,885
3 Dnipro 1,032,822
4 Donetsk 1,024,700
5 Odessa 1,001,558
6 Zaporizhia 796,217
7 Lviv 717,803
8 Kryvyi Rih 652,380
9 Mykolayiv 510,840
10 Mariupol 481,626
11 Luhansk 452,000
12 Sevastopol 416,263
13 Khmelnytskyi 398,346
14 Makiyivka 376,610
15 Vinnytsia 352,115
16 Simferopol 336,460
17 Kherson 320,477
18 Poltava 317,847
19 Chernihiv 307,684
20 Cherkasy 297,568
21 Sumy 294,456
22 Zhytomyr 282,192
23 Horlivka 278,550
24 Rivne 255,106
25 Kropyvnytskyi 249,454
26 Kamianske 248,575
27 Chernivtsi 236,250
28 Ternopil 235,676
29 Kremenchuk 227,494
30 Lutsk 213,661

See also



Population Pyramid

A Population pyramid (also called "Age-Sex Pyramid") is a graphical representation of the age and sex of a population.


  • Expansive - pyramid with a wide base (larger percentage of people in younger age groups, indicating high birth rates and high fertility rates) and narrow top (high death rate and lower life expectancies). It suggests a growing population. Example: Nigera Population Pyramid
  • Constrictive - pyramid with a narrow base (lower percentage of younger people, indicating declining birth rates with each succeeding age group getting smaller than the previous one). Example: United States
  • Stationary - with a somewhat equal proportion of the population in each age group. The population is stable, neither increasing nor decreasing.



Dependency Ratio

There are three types of age dependency ratio: Youth, Elderly, and Total. All three ratios are commonly multiplied by 100.

Youth Dependency Ratio
Definition: population ages 0-15 divided by the population ages 16-64.
Formula: ([Population ages 0-15] ÷ [Population ages 16-64]) × 100

Elderly dependency ratio
Definition: population ages 65-plus divided by the population ages 16-64.
Formula: ([Population ages 65-plus] ÷ [Population ages 16-64]) × 100

Total dependency ratio
Definition: sum of the youth and old-age ratios.
Formula: (([Population ages 0-15] + [Population ages 65-plus]) ÷ [Population ages 16-64]) × 100

NOTE: Dependency Ratio does not take into account labor force participation rates by age group. Some portion of the population counted as "working age" may actually be unemployed or not in the labor force whereas some portion of the "dependent" population may be employed and not necessarily economically dependent.