Botswana Population (LIVE)

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Botswana Population (1950 - 2024)
Yearly Population Growth Rate (%)
  • The current population of Botswana is 2,711,018 as of Monday, April 22, 2024, based on Worldometer elaboration of the latest United Nations data 1.
  • Botswana 2023 population is estimated at 2,675,352 people at mid year.
  • Botswana population is equivalent to 0.03% of the total world population.
  • Botswana ranks number 144 in the list of countries (and dependencies) by population.
  • The population density in Botswana is 5 per Km2 (12 people per mi2).
  • The total land area is 566,730 Km2 (218,816 sq. miles)
  • 69.1 % of the population is urban (1,848,155 people in 2023)
  • The median age in Botswana is 23.8 years.
1. Updated on July 16, 2023 with the latest July 2023-July 2024 estimates from the United Nations, Department of Economic and Social Affairs, Population Division. World Population Prospects: The 2022 Revision. (Medium-fertility variant).

Population of Botswana (2024 and historical)

YearPopulationYearly %
Change
Yearly
Change
Migrants (net)Median AgeFertility RateDensity (P/Km²)Urban
Pop %
Urban PopulationCountry's Share of
World Pop
World PopulationBotswana
Global Rank
2024 2,719,694 1.66 % 44,342 3,000 24.0 2.68 5 69.6 % 1,892,771 0.03 % 8,118,835,999 143
2023 2,675,352 1.71 % 45,056 3,000 23.8 2.72 5 69.1 % 1,848,155 0.03 % 8,045,311,447 144
2022 2,630,296 1.62 % 41,873 3,000 23.6 2.75 5 68.6 % 1,803,179 0.03 % 7,975,105,156 144
2020 2,546,402 1.87 % 46,700 1,816 23.3 2.84 4 67.2 % 1,712,212 0.03 % 7,840,952,880 144
2015 2,305,171 1.96 % 42,701 2,145 22.2 2.94 4 64.4 % 1,483,587 0.03 % 7,426,597,537 143
2010 2,091,664 2.02 % 39,771 3,562 21.1 3.02 4 60.1 % 1,257,527 0.03 % 6,985,603,105 145
2005 1,892,807 1.85 % 33,164 4,771 19.8 3.08 3 54.9 % 1,038,238 0.03 % 6,558,176,119 147
2000 1,726,985 2.27 % 36,6707,970 18.4 3.31 3 53.3 % 919,803 0.03 % 6,148,898,975 147
1995 1,543,634 2.85 % 40,432 7,808 17.0 3.80 3 49.8 % 768,551 0.03 % 5,743,219,454 147
1990 1,341,474 3.33 % 40,554 4,144 16.0 4.49 2 43.1 % 577,801 0.03 % 5,316,175,862 148
1985 1,138,704 3.94 % 40,025 3,298 15.6 5.43 2 27.9 % 317,784 0.02 % 4,861,730,613 148
1980 938,578 5.21 % 42,130 12,064 15.3 6.25 2 17.6 % 164,984 0.02 % 4,444,007,706 150
1975 727,930 4.21 % 27,137 11,741 14.6 6.58 1 13.5 % 98,144 0.02 % 4,069,437,231 150
1970 592,244 0.73 % 4,254 -12,728 13.9 6.62 1 9.2 % 54,495 0.02 % 3,695,390,336 152
1965 570,975 2.17 % 11,622 -14,195 14.9 6.69 1 4.0 % 22,923 0.02 % 3,337,111,983 152
1960 512,865 2.12 % 10,197 -4,329 16.5 6.63 1 3.1 % 16,053 0.02 % 3,019,233,434 152
1955 461,880 2.24 % 9,680 -3,594 17.5 6.56 1 2.9 % 13,543 0.02 % 2,746,072,141 152
Source: Worldometer (www.Worldometers.info)
Elaboration of data by United Nations, Department of Economic and Social Affairs, Population Division. World Population Prospects: The 2022 Revision. (Medium-fertility variant).
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Botswana Population Forecast

3,000
YearPopulationYearly %
Change
Yearly
Change
Migrants (net)Median AgeFertility RateDensity (P/Km²)Urban
Pop %
Urban PopulationCountry's Share of
World Pop
World PopulationBotswana
Global Rank
2025 2,763,338 1.65 % 43,387 3,000 24.3 2.64 5 70.1 % 1,937,024 0.03 % 8,191,988,453 142
2030 2,972,271 1.47 % 41,787 3,000 25.4 2.48 5 72.4 % 2,151,354 0.03 % 8,546,141,327 139
2035 3,169,059 1.29 % 39,358 3,000 26.8 2.35 6 74.3 % 2,353,033 0.04 % 8,879,397,401 136
2040 3,355,041 1.15 % 37,196 3,000 28.1 2.24 6 75.7 % 2,540,719 0.04 % 9,188,250,492 136
2045 3,527,139 1.01 % 34,420 3,000 29.5 2.16 6 76.9 % 2,712,627 0.04 % 9,467,543,575 134
2050 3,679,340 0.85 % 30,440   30.8 2.08 6 78.0 % 2,870,743 0.04 % 9,709,491,761 135
Source: Worldometer (www.Worldometers.info)
Elaboration of data by United Nations, Department of Economic and Social Affairs, Population Division. World Population Prospects: The 2022 Revision. (Medium-fertility variant).

Botswana Demographics

Main Page: Demographics of Botswana
Life Expectancy
66.05 years
(life expectancy at birth, both sexes)
View by sex and historical chart
Infant Mortality
32.6
(infant deaths per 1,000 live births)
View historical chart
Deaths under age 5
43.4
(per 1,000 live births)
View historical chart

Main Cities by Population in Botswana

(includes boroughs, districts, urban agglomerations, etc.)

# CITY NAME POPULATION
1 Gaborone 208,411
2 Francistown 89,979
3 Molepolole 63,248
4 Selebi-Phikwe 53,727
5 Maun 49,945
6 Serowe 47,419
7 Kanye 44,716
8 Mahalapye 44,471
9 Mogoditshane 43,394
10 Mochudi 36,962
11 Lobatse 30,883
12 Palapye 30,650
13 Ramotswa 21,450
14 Thamaga 20,756
15 Mosopa 19,561
16 Letlhakane 18,136
17 Tonota 17,759
18 Janeng 16,853

See also

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Notes

The Botswana Population (Live) counter shows a continuously updated estimate of the current population of Botswana delivered by Worldometer's RTS algorithm, which processes data collected from the United Nations Population Division.

The Population of Botswana (1950 - 2023) chart plots the total population count as of July 1 of each year, from 1950 to 2023.

The Yearly Population Growth Rate chart plots the annual percentage changes in population registered on July 1 of each year, from 1951 to 2023. This value can differ from the Yearly % Change shown in the historical table, which shows the last year equivalent percentage change assuming homogeneous change in the preceding five year period.

Definitions

Year: as of July 1 of the year indicated.

Population: Overall total population (both sexes and all ages) in the country as of July 1 of the year indicated, as estimated by the United Nations, Department of Economic and Social Affairs, Population Division. World Population Prospects: The 2022 Revision. For forecasted years, the U.N. medium-fertility variant is used.


Yearly % Change: For 2023: percentage change in total population over the last year (from July 1, 2022 to June 30 2023). For all other years: latest year annual percentage change equivalent assuming homogeneous change in the preceding five year period, calculated through reverse compounding.

Yearly Change: For 2023: absolute change in total population (increase or decrease in number of people) over the last year (from July 1, 2022 to June 30 2023). For all other years: average annual numerical change over the preceding five year period.

Migrants (net): The average annual number of immigrants minus the number of emigrants over the preceding five year period (running from July 1 to June 30 of the initial and final years), or subsequent five year period (for 2016 data). A negative number means that there are more emigrants than immigrants.

Median Age: age that divides the population into two numerically equal groups: half of the people are older than the median age indicated and half are younger. This parameter provides an indication of age distribution.

Fertility Rate: (Total Fertility Rate, or TFR), it is expressed as children per woman. It is calculated as the average number of children an average woman will have during her reproductive period (15 to 49 years old) based on the current fertility rates of every age group in the country, and assuming she is not subject to mortality.

Density (P/Km²): (Population Density) Population per square Kilometer (Km²).

Urban Pop % : Urban population as a percentage of total population.

Urban Population: Population living in areas classified as urban according to the criteria used by each country.

Country's Share of World Pop: Total population in the country as a percentage of total World Population as of July 1 of the year indicated.

World Population: Total World Population as of July 1 of the year indicated.

Global Rank: Position held by Botswana in the list of all countries worldwide ranked by population (from the highest population to the lowest population) as of July 1 of the year indicated.