Eritrea Population (LIVE)

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Eritrea Population (1950 - 2024)
Yearly Population Growth Rate (%)
  • The current population of Eritrea is 3,792,765 as of Wednesday, February 21, 2024, based on Worldometer elaboration of the latest United Nations data 1.
  • Eritrea 2023 population is estimated at 3,748,901 people at mid year.
  • Eritrea population is equivalent to 0.05% of the total world population.
  • Eritrea ranks number 131 in the list of countries (and dependencies) by population.
  • The population density in Eritrea is 37 per Km2 (96 people per mi2).
  • The total land area is 101,000 Km2 (38,996 sq. miles)
  • 67.0 % of the population is urban (2,510,963 people in 2023)
  • The median age in Eritrea is 18.7 years.
1. Updated on July 16, 2023 with the latest July 2023-July 2024 estimates from the United Nations, Department of Economic and Social Affairs, Population Division. World Population Prospects: The 2022 Revision. (Medium-fertility variant).

Population of Eritrea (2024 and historical)

YearPopulationYearly %
Change
Yearly
Change
Migrants (net)Median AgeFertility RateDensity (P/Km²)Urban
Pop %
Urban PopulationCountry's Share of
World Pop
World PopulationEritrea
Global Rank
2024 3,817,651 1.83 % 68,750 -13,918 18.9 3.63 38 68.2 % 2,603,638 0.05 % 8,118,835,999 131
2023 3,748,901 1.76 % 64,869 -15,297 18.7 3.71 37 67.0 % 2,510,963 0.05 % 8,045,311,447 131
2022 3,684,032 1.76 % 63,720 -17,152 18.4 3.79 36 65.7 % 2,420,579 0.05 % 7,975,105,156 132
2020 3,555,868 1.63 % 57,050 -14,987 18.0 3.93 35 63.2 % 2,246,038 0.05 % 7,840,952,880 132
2015 3,340,006 1.19 % 38,456 -53,049 17.3 4.22 33 55.4 % 1,851,851 0.04 % 7,426,597,537 135
2010 3,147,727 2.14 % 63,199 -13,369 17.3 4.57 31 49.1 % 1,544,485 0.05 % 6,985,603,105 134
2005 2,831,732 3.43 % 87,770 -12,841 17.2 4.93 28 43.6 % 1,234,323 0.04 % 6,558,176,119 137
2000 2,392,880 2.10 % 47,132-33,196 16.2 5.40 24 37.7 % 902,054 0.04 % 6,148,898,975 139
1995 2,157,220 0.07 % 1,452 136,103 16.8 5.94 21 32.3 % 695,721 0.04 % 5,743,219,454 140
1990 2,149,960 2.51 % 50,143 -12,442 16.2 6.34 21 27.4 % 588,576 0.04 % 5,316,175,862 137
1985 1,899,243 2.75 % 48,252 -1,086 16.4 6.59 19 22.8 % 433,816 0.04 % 4,861,730,613 139
1980 1,657,982 2.70 % 41,423 1,995 16.5 6.61 16 20.7 % 343,289 0.04 % 4,444,007,706 139
1975 1,450,867 2.65 % 35,624 1,995 16.8 6.59 14 19.3 % 280,493 0.04 % 4,069,437,231 139
1970 1,272,748 2.56 % 30,202 1,487 17.3 6.54 13 18.0 % 229,718 0.03 % 3,695,390,336 140
1965 1,121,739 2.46 % 25,634 1,194 17.7 6.49 11 16.2 % 182,223 0.03 % 3,337,111,983 139
1960 993,568 2.11 % 19,712 1,059 17.4 6.48 10 13.8 % 136,944 0.03 % 3,019,233,434 139
1955 895,009 1.70 % 14,487 348 17.0 6.49 9 11.7 % 104,318 0.03 % 2,746,072,141 139
Source: Worldometer (www.Worldometers.info)
Elaboration of data by United Nations, Department of Economic and Social Affairs, Population Division. World Population Prospects: The 2022 Revision. (Medium-fertility variant).
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Eritrea Population Forecast

-7,000
YearPopulationYearly %
Change
Yearly
Change
Migrants (net)Median AgeFertility RateDensity (P/Km²)Urban
Pop %
Urban PopulationCountry's Share of
World Pop
World PopulationEritrea
Global Rank
2025 3,889,630 1.81 % 66,752 -12,614 19.2 3.56 39 69.4 % 2,698,752 0.05 % 8,191,988,453 131
2030 4,283,355 1.95 % 78,745 -8,006 20.6 3.25 42 74.9 % 3,210,132 0.05 % 8,546,141,327 130
2035 4,712,526 1.93 % 85,834 -7,000 22.0 3.00 47 80.3 % 3,781,931 0.05 % 8,879,397,401 129
2040 5,144,492 1.77 % 86,393 -7,000 23.1 2.80 51 85.7 % 4,406,917 0.06 % 9,188,250,492 128
2045 5,564,343 1.58 % 83,970 -7,000 24.3 2.63 55 91.2 % 5,076,734 0.06 % 9,467,543,575 124
2050 5,964,021 1.40 % 79,936   25.5 2.48 59 96.9 % 5,776,366 0.06 % 9,709,491,761 120
Source: Worldometer (www.Worldometers.info)
Elaboration of data by United Nations, Department of Economic and Social Affairs, Population Division. World Population Prospects: The 2022 Revision. (Medium-fertility variant).

Eritrea Demographics

Main Page: Demographics of Eritrea
Life Expectancy
67.32 years
(life expectancy at birth, both sexes)
View by sex and historical chart
Infant Mortality
27.9
(infant deaths per 1,000 live births)
View historical chart
Deaths under age 5
37.0
(per 1,000 live births)
View historical chart

Main Cities by Population in Eritrea

(includes boroughs, districts, urban agglomerations, etc.)

# CITY NAME POPULATION
1 Asmara 563,930
2 Keren 74,800
3 Massawa 23,100
4 Assab 21,300
5 Mendefera 17,781
6 Barentu 15,891

See also

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Notes

The Eritrea Population (Live) counter shows a continuously updated estimate of the current population of Eritrea delivered by Worldometer's RTS algorithm, which processes data collected from the United Nations Population Division.

The Population of Eritrea (1950 - 2023) chart plots the total population count as of July 1 of each year, from 1950 to 2023.

The Yearly Population Growth Rate chart plots the annual percentage changes in population registered on July 1 of each year, from 1951 to 2023. This value can differ from the Yearly % Change shown in the historical table, which shows the last year equivalent percentage change assuming homogeneous change in the preceding five year period.

Definitions

Year: as of July 1 of the year indicated.

Population: Overall total population (both sexes and all ages) in the country as of July 1 of the year indicated, as estimated by the United Nations, Department of Economic and Social Affairs, Population Division. World Population Prospects: The 2022 Revision. For forecasted years, the U.N. medium-fertility variant is used.


Yearly % Change: For 2023: percentage change in total population over the last year (from July 1, 2022 to June 30 2023). For all other years: latest year annual percentage change equivalent assuming homogeneous change in the preceding five year period, calculated through reverse compounding.

Yearly Change: For 2023: absolute change in total population (increase or decrease in number of people) over the last year (from July 1, 2022 to June 30 2023). For all other years: average annual numerical change over the preceding five year period.

Migrants (net): The average annual number of immigrants minus the number of emigrants over the preceding five year period (running from July 1 to June 30 of the initial and final years), or subsequent five year period (for 2016 data). A negative number means that there are more emigrants than immigrants.

Median Age: age that divides the population into two numerically equal groups: half of the people are older than the median age indicated and half are younger. This parameter provides an indication of age distribution.

Fertility Rate: (Total Fertility Rate, or TFR), it is expressed as children per woman. It is calculated as the average number of children an average woman will have during her reproductive period (15 to 49 years old) based on the current fertility rates of every age group in the country, and assuming she is not subject to mortality.

Density (P/Km²): (Population Density) Population per square Kilometer (Km²).

Urban Pop % : Urban population as a percentage of total population.

Urban Population: Population living in areas classified as urban according to the criteria used by each country.

Country's Share of World Pop: Total population in the country as a percentage of total World Population as of July 1 of the year indicated.

World Population: Total World Population as of July 1 of the year indicated.

Global Rank: Position held by Eritrea in the list of all countries worldwide ranked by population (from the highest population to the lowest population) as of July 1 of the year indicated.