Luxembourg Population (LIVE)

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Luxembourg Population (1950 - 2024)
Yearly Population Growth Rate (%)
  • The current population of Luxembourg is 659,140 as of Wednesday, February 21, 2024, based on Worldometer elaboration of the latest United Nations data 1.
  • Luxembourg 2023 population is estimated at 654,768 people at mid year.
  • Luxembourg population is equivalent to 0.01% of the total world population.
  • Luxembourg ranks number 168 in the list of countries (and dependencies) by population.
  • The population density in Luxembourg is 253 per Km2 (655 people per mi2).
  • The total land area is 2,590 Km2 (1,000 sq. miles)
  • 88.1 % of the population is urban (577,139 people in 2023)
  • The median age in Luxembourg is 39.3 years.
1. Updated on July 16, 2023 with the latest July 2023-July 2024 estimates from the United Nations, Department of Economic and Social Affairs, Population Division. World Population Prospects: The 2022 Revision. (Medium-fertility variant).

Population of Luxembourg (2024 and historical)

YearPopulationYearly %
Change
Yearly
Change
Migrants (net)Median AgeFertility RateDensity (P/Km²)Urban
Pop %
Urban PopulationCountry's Share of
World Pop
World PopulationLuxembourg
Global Rank
2024 661,594 1.04 % 6,826 4,622 39.6 1.41 255 88.5 % 585,372 0.01 % 8,118,835,999 168
2023 654,768 1.11 % 7,169 4,883 39.3 1.40 253 88.1 % 577,139 0.01 % 8,045,311,447 168
2022 647,599 1.29 % 8,278 5,222 39.0 1.39 250 87.8 % 568,739 0.01 % 7,975,105,156 168
2020 630,399 1.68 % 10,426 6,952 38.6 1.38 243 87.6 % 552,328 0.01 % 7,840,952,880 168
2015 569,408 2.35 % 12,468 11,373 38.3 1.46 220 89.8 % 511,081 0.01 % 7,426,597,537 170
2010 507,070 1.75 % 8,442 7,793 38.0 1.62 196 88.7 % 449,722 0.01 % 6,985,603,105 171
2005 464,860 1.31 % 5,846 6,190 37.2 1.63 179 85.3 % 396,482 0.01 % 6,558,176,119 171
2000 435,628 1.34 % 5,5994,407 36.2 1.76 168 84.3 % 367,269 0.01 % 6,148,898,975 169
1995 407,635 1.35 % 5,274 4,225 35.6 1.71 157 83.0 % 338,327 0.01 % 5,743,219,454 171
1990 381,267 0.80 % 2,960 3,925 35.3 1.60 147 81.1 % 309,047 0.01 % 5,316,175,862 169
1985 366,466 0.15 % 545 961 34.8 1.39 141 80.8 % 295,961 0.01 % 4,861,730,613 167
1980 363,741 0.56 % 2,015 784 33.9 1.50 140 80.1 % 291,384 0.01 % 4,444,007,706 163
1975 353,666 0.83 % 2,865 2,830 34.0 1.55 137 77.4 % 273,618 0.01 % 4,069,437,231 162
1970 339,342 0.57 % 1,910 835 34.4 1.97 131 74.4 % 252,625 0.01 % 3,695,390,336 161
1965 329,794 0.98 % 3,125 2,182 34.2 2.40 127 72.0 % 237,576 0.01 % 3,337,111,983 159
1960 314,168 0.56 % 1,731 29 34.1 2.29 121 69.6 % 218,815 0.01 % 3,019,233,434 160
1955 305,514 0.60 % 1,786 438 33.9 2.21 118 68.4 % 208,830 0.01 % 2,746,072,141 159
Source: Worldometer (www.Worldometers.info)
Elaboration of data by United Nations, Department of Economic and Social Affairs, Population Division. World Population Prospects: The 2022 Revision. (Medium-fertility variant).
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Luxembourg Population Forecast

4,000
YearPopulationYearly %
Change
Yearly
Change
Migrants (net)Median AgeFertility RateDensity (P/Km²)Urban
Pop %
Urban PopulationCountry's Share of
World Pop
World PopulationLuxembourg
Global Rank
2025 668,100 1.17 % 7,540 4,362 39.9 1.42 258 88.8 % 593,272 0.01 % 8,191,988,453 168
2030 697,086 0.85 % 5,797 4,000 41.4 1.45 269 90.2 % 629,046 0.01 % 8,546,141,327 168
2035 722,516 0.72 % 5,086 4,000 43.1 1.47 279 91.8 % 663,473 0.01 % 8,879,397,401 168
2040 744,884 0.61 % 4,474 4,000 44.7 1.49 288 93.4 % 695,981 0.01 % 9,188,250,492 169
2045 764,687 0.53 % 3,961 4,000 45.8 1.50 295 95.1 % 726,912 0.01 % 9,467,543,575 169
2050 781,910 0.45 % 3,445   46.4 1.52 302 96.8 % 756,649 0.01 % 9,709,491,761 169
Source: Worldometer (www.Worldometers.info)
Elaboration of data by United Nations, Department of Economic and Social Affairs, Population Division. World Population Prospects: The 2022 Revision. (Medium-fertility variant).

Luxembourg Demographics

Main Page: Demographics of Luxembourg
Life Expectancy
82.75 years
(life expectancy at birth, both sexes)
View by sex and historical chart
Infant Mortality
3.0
(infant deaths per 1,000 live births)
View historical chart
Deaths under age 5
3.5
(per 1,000 live births)
View historical chart

Main Cities by Population in Luxembourg

(includes boroughs, districts, urban agglomerations, etc.)

# CITY NAME POPULATION
1 Luxembourg 76,684
2 Esch-sur-Alzette 28,228
3 Dudelange 18,013

See also

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Notes

The Luxembourg Population (Live) counter shows a continuously updated estimate of the current population of Luxembourg delivered by Worldometer's RTS algorithm, which processes data collected from the United Nations Population Division.

The Population of Luxembourg (1950 - 2023) chart plots the total population count as of July 1 of each year, from 1950 to 2023.

The Yearly Population Growth Rate chart plots the annual percentage changes in population registered on July 1 of each year, from 1951 to 2023. This value can differ from the Yearly % Change shown in the historical table, which shows the last year equivalent percentage change assuming homogeneous change in the preceding five year period.

Definitions

Year: as of July 1 of the year indicated.

Population: Overall total population (both sexes and all ages) in the country as of July 1 of the year indicated, as estimated by the United Nations, Department of Economic and Social Affairs, Population Division. World Population Prospects: The 2022 Revision. For forecasted years, the U.N. medium-fertility variant is used.


Yearly % Change: For 2023: percentage change in total population over the last year (from July 1, 2022 to June 30 2023). For all other years: latest year annual percentage change equivalent assuming homogeneous change in the preceding five year period, calculated through reverse compounding.

Yearly Change: For 2023: absolute change in total population (increase or decrease in number of people) over the last year (from July 1, 2022 to June 30 2023). For all other years: average annual numerical change over the preceding five year period.

Migrants (net): The average annual number of immigrants minus the number of emigrants over the preceding five year period (running from July 1 to June 30 of the initial and final years), or subsequent five year period (for 2016 data). A negative number means that there are more emigrants than immigrants.

Median Age: age that divides the population into two numerically equal groups: half of the people are older than the median age indicated and half are younger. This parameter provides an indication of age distribution.

Fertility Rate: (Total Fertility Rate, or TFR), it is expressed as children per woman. It is calculated as the average number of children an average woman will have during her reproductive period (15 to 49 years old) based on the current fertility rates of every age group in the country, and assuming she is not subject to mortality.

Density (P/Km²): (Population Density) Population per square Kilometer (Km²).

Urban Pop % : Urban population as a percentage of total population.

Urban Population: Population living in areas classified as urban according to the criteria used by each country.

Country's Share of World Pop: Total population in the country as a percentage of total World Population as of July 1 of the year indicated.

World Population: Total World Population as of July 1 of the year indicated.

Global Rank: Position held by Luxembourg in the list of all countries worldwide ranked by population (from the highest population to the lowest population) as of July 1 of the year indicated.