Mauritania Population (LIVE)

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Mauritania Population (1950 - 2024)
Yearly Population Growth Rate (%)
  • The current population of Mauritania is 4,967,770 as of Monday, April 22, 2024, based on Worldometer elaboration of the latest United Nations data 1.
  • Mauritania 2023 population is estimated at 4,862,989 people at mid year.
  • Mauritania population is equivalent to 0.06% of the total world population.
  • Mauritania ranks number 126 in the list of countries (and dependencies) by population.
  • The population density in Mauritania is 5 per Km2 (12 people per mi2).
  • The total land area is 1,030,700 Km2 (397,955 sq. miles)
  • 61.2 % of the population is urban (2,977,287 people in 2023)
  • The median age in Mauritania is 17.9 years.
1. Updated on July 16, 2023 with the latest July 2023-July 2024 estimates from the United Nations, Department of Economic and Social Affairs, Population Division. World Population Prospects: The 2022 Revision. (Medium-fertility variant).

Population of Mauritania (2024 and historical)

YearPopulationYearly %
Change
Yearly
Change
Migrants (net)Median AgeFertility RateDensity (P/Km²)Urban
Pop %
Urban PopulationCountry's Share of
World Pop
World PopulationMauritania
Global Rank
2024 4,993,922 2.69 % 130,933 3,000 18.1 4.19 5 61.9 % 3,091,176 0.06 % 8,118,835,999 126
2023 4,862,989 2.68 % 126,850 3,000 17.9 4.27 5 61.2 % 2,977,287 0.06 % 8,045,311,447 126
2022 4,736,139 2.63 % 121,165 3,000 17.7 4.34 5 60.5 % 2,865,171 0.06 % 7,975,105,156 126
2020 4,498,604 2.62 % 114,755 -1,494 17.4 4.46 4 58.8 % 2,646,714 0.06 % 7,840,952,880 127
2015 3,946,220 2.91 % 105,352 -3,018 16.9 4.81 4 54.1 % 2,136,699 0.05 % 7,426,597,537 129
2010 3,419,461 2.57 % 81,420 3,637 17.0 5.04 3 49.2 % 1,681,621 0.05 % 6,985,603,105 132
2005 3,012,360 2.25 % 63,471 -18,723 16.8 5.19 3 43.8 % 1,318,368 0.05 % 6,558,176,119 136
2000 2,695,003 2.51 % 62,932-2,997 16.6 5.46 3 38.3 % 1,032,034 0.04 % 6,148,898,975 136
1995 2,380,341 3.48 % 74,863 -22,996 16.6 5.85 2 37.8 % 900,703 0.04 % 5,743,219,454 137
1990 2,006,027 2.81 % 51,952 -3,002 16.1 6.06 2 39.8 % 798,307 0.04 % 5,316,175,862 140
1985 1,746,265 3.00 % 47,914 -2,998 15.9 6.34 2 35.5 % 619,375 0.04 % 4,861,730,613 141
1980 1,506,694 2.96 % 40,852 -2,997 15.8 6.62 1 27.9 % 419,900 0.03 % 4,444,007,706 140
1975 1,302,436 3.02 % 36,048 -1,477 15.9 6.68 1 21.0 % 273,299 0.03 % 4,069,437,231 141
1970 1,122,198 3.05 % 31,315 -864 16.4 6.69 1 14.9 % 167,332 0.03 % 3,695,390,336 141
1965 965,621 2.86 % 25,429 -438 17.0 6.59 1 10.4 % 100,130 0.03 % 3,337,111,983 142
1960 838,478 2.57 % 19,980 -322 17.1 6.35 1 7.0 % 59,044 0.03 % 3,019,233,434 143
1955 738,577 2.32 % 16,004 -291 17.0 6.18 1 4.7 % 34,636 0.03 % 2,746,072,141 142
Source: Worldometer (www.Worldometers.info)
Elaboration of data by United Nations, Department of Economic and Social Affairs, Population Division. World Population Prospects: The 2022 Revision. (Medium-fertility variant).
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Mauritania Population Forecast

3,000
YearPopulationYearly %
Change
Yearly
Change
Migrants (net)Median AgeFertility RateDensity (P/Km²)Urban
Pop %
Urban PopulationCountry's Share of
World Pop
World PopulationMauritania
Global Rank
2025 5,128,141 2.65 % 125,907 3,000 18.3 4.12 5 62.5 % 3,206,736 0.06 % 8,191,988,453 124
2030 5,830,563 2.60 % 140,484 3,000 19.4 3.78 6 65.3 % 3,807,767 0.07 % 8,546,141,327 119
2035 6,576,462 2.44 % 149,180 3,000 20.6 3.52 6 67.6 % 4,444,113 0.07 % 8,879,397,401 116
2040 7,348,229 2.24 % 154,353 3,000 21.6 3.25 7 69.5 % 5,105,847 0.08 % 9,188,250,492 113
2045 8,129,917 2.04 % 156,338 3,000 22.6 3.04 8 71.4 % 5,802,413 0.09 % 9,467,543,575 112
2050 8,914,673 1.86 % 156,951   23.8 2.87 9 73.3 % 6,532,273 0.09 % 9,709,491,761 106
Source: Worldometer (www.Worldometers.info)
Elaboration of data by United Nations, Department of Economic and Social Affairs, Population Division. World Population Prospects: The 2022 Revision. (Medium-fertility variant).

Mauritania Demographics

Main Page: Demographics of Mauritania
Life Expectancy
65.48 years
(life expectancy at birth, both sexes)
View by sex and historical chart
Infant Mortality
43.9
(infant deaths per 1,000 live births)
View historical chart
Deaths under age 5
59.4
(per 1,000 live births)
View historical chart

Main Cities by Population in Mauritania

(includes boroughs, districts, urban agglomerations, etc.)

# CITY NAME POPULATION
1 Nouakchott 661,400
2 Nouadhibou 72,337
3 Nema 60,000
4 Kaedi 55,374
5 Rosso 48,922
6 Kiffa 40,281
7 Zouerate 38,000
8 Atar 24,021
9 Tekane 22,041
10 Selibaby 18,424
11 Aleg 15,211

See also

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Notes

The Mauritania Population (Live) counter shows a continuously updated estimate of the current population of Mauritania delivered by Worldometer's RTS algorithm, which processes data collected from the United Nations Population Division.

The Population of Mauritania (1950 - 2023) chart plots the total population count as of July 1 of each year, from 1950 to 2023.

The Yearly Population Growth Rate chart plots the annual percentage changes in population registered on July 1 of each year, from 1951 to 2023. This value can differ from the Yearly % Change shown in the historical table, which shows the last year equivalent percentage change assuming homogeneous change in the preceding five year period.

Definitions

Year: as of July 1 of the year indicated.

Population: Overall total population (both sexes and all ages) in the country as of July 1 of the year indicated, as estimated by the United Nations, Department of Economic and Social Affairs, Population Division. World Population Prospects: The 2022 Revision. For forecasted years, the U.N. medium-fertility variant is used.


Yearly % Change: For 2023: percentage change in total population over the last year (from July 1, 2022 to June 30 2023). For all other years: latest year annual percentage change equivalent assuming homogeneous change in the preceding five year period, calculated through reverse compounding.

Yearly Change: For 2023: absolute change in total population (increase or decrease in number of people) over the last year (from July 1, 2022 to June 30 2023). For all other years: average annual numerical change over the preceding five year period.

Migrants (net): The average annual number of immigrants minus the number of emigrants over the preceding five year period (running from July 1 to June 30 of the initial and final years), or subsequent five year period (for 2016 data). A negative number means that there are more emigrants than immigrants.

Median Age: age that divides the population into two numerically equal groups: half of the people are older than the median age indicated and half are younger. This parameter provides an indication of age distribution.

Fertility Rate: (Total Fertility Rate, or TFR), it is expressed as children per woman. It is calculated as the average number of children an average woman will have during her reproductive period (15 to 49 years old) based on the current fertility rates of every age group in the country, and assuming she is not subject to mortality.

Density (P/Km²): (Population Density) Population per square Kilometer (Km²).

Urban Pop % : Urban population as a percentage of total population.

Urban Population: Population living in areas classified as urban according to the criteria used by each country.

Country's Share of World Pop: Total population in the country as a percentage of total World Population as of July 1 of the year indicated.

World Population: Total World Population as of July 1 of the year indicated.

Global Rank: Position held by Mauritania in the list of all countries worldwide ranked by population (from the highest population to the lowest population) as of July 1 of the year indicated.