Nepal Population (LIVE)

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Nepal Population (1950 - 2024)
Yearly Population Growth Rate (%)
  • The current population of Nepal is 31,116,674 as of Wednesday, February 21, 2024, based on Worldometer elaboration of the latest United Nations data 1.
  • Nepal 2023 population is estimated at 30,896,590 people at mid year.
  • Nepal population is equivalent to 0.38% of the total world population.
  • Nepal ranks number 49 in the list of countries (and dependencies) by population.
  • The population density in Nepal is 216 per Km2 (558 people per mi2).
  • The total land area is 143,350 Km2 (55,348 sq. miles)
  • 22.1 % of the population is urban (6,835,484 people in 2023)
  • The median age in Nepal is 24.4 years.
1. Updated on July 16, 2023 with the latest July 2023-July 2024 estimates from the United Nations, Department of Economic and Social Affairs, Population Division. World Population Prospects: The 2022 Revision. (Medium-fertility variant).

Population of Nepal (2024 and historical)

YearPopulationYearly %
Change
Yearly
Change
Migrants (net)Median AgeFertility RateDensity (P/Km²)Urban
Pop %
Urban PopulationCountry's Share of
World Pop
World PopulationNepal
Global Rank
2024 31,240,315 1.11 % 343,725 -62,012 24.8 1.97 218 22.6 % 7,048,429 0.38 % 8,118,835,999 49
2023 30,896,590 1.14 % 349,010 -62,012 24.4 1.99 216 22.1 % 6,835,484 0.38 % 8,045,311,447 49
2022 30,547,580 1.71 % 512,591 -62,012 24.0 2.01 213 21.7 % 6,627,181 0.38 % 7,975,105,156 49
2020 29,348,627 1.79 % 516,131 306,664 23.2 2.06 205 21.2 % 6,226,233 0.37 % 7,840,952,880 49
2015 27,610,325 0.33 % 89,752 -221,059 21.5 2.25 193 19.3 % 5,317,799 0.37 % 7,426,597,537 49
2010 27,161,567 0.66 % 175,291 -293,613 20.2 2.51 189 16.7 % 4,531,339 0.39 % 6,985,603,105 46
2005 26,285,110 1.37 % 345,122 -238,799 19.1 3.14 183 14.8 % 3,884,136 0.40 % 6,558,176,119 43
2000 24,559,500 1.94 % 450,786-147,403 18.4 3.94 171 13.0 % 3,180,501 0.40 % 6,148,898,975 41
1995 22,305,571 2.60 % 537,808 -86,300 18.2 4.79 156 10.4 % 2,328,505 0.39 % 5,743,219,454 42
1990 19,616,530 2.26 % 415,192 -650 18.1 5.21 137 8.5 % 1,660,139 0.37 % 5,316,175,862 44
1985 17,540,571 2.37 % 388,026 -30,173 18.3 5.47 122 7.0 % 1,235,180 0.36 % 4,861,730,613 43
1980 15,600,442 2.30 % 334,980 5,084 18.4 5.64 109 5.8 % 907,698 0.35 % 4,444,007,706 43
1975 13,925,541 2.18 % 284,851 -6,677 18.6 5.75 97 4.6 % 643,695 0.34 % 4,069,437,231 40
1970 12,501,285 2.16 % 253,667 1,846 18.5 5.88 87 3.8 % 474,634 0.34 % 3,695,390,336 42
1965 11,232,951 2.01 % 213,002 -1,559 18.5 6.03 78 3.6 % 407,893 0.34 % 3,337,111,983 40
1960 10,167,941 1.83 % 176,609 -13,235 18.4 6.03 71 3.4 % 350,230 0.34 % 3,019,233,434 41
1955 9,284,895 2.03 % 177,190 -16,468 18.5 6.03 65 3.1 % 283,756 0.34 % 2,746,072,141 40
Source: Worldometer (www.Worldometers.info)
Elaboration of data by United Nations, Department of Economic and Social Affairs, Population Division. World Population Prospects: The 2022 Revision. (Medium-fertility variant).
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Nepal Population Forecast

-62,012
YearPopulationYearly %
Change
Yearly
Change
Migrants (net)Median AgeFertility RateDensity (P/Km²)Urban
Pop %
Urban PopulationCountry's Share of
World Pop
World PopulationNepal
Global Rank
2025 31,577,361 1.47 % 445,747 -62,012 25.2 1.95 220 23.0 % 7,265,589 0.39 % 8,191,988,453 50
2030 33,133,395 0.97 % 311,207 -62,012 27.2 1.89 231 25.4 % 8,407,931 0.39 % 8,546,141,327 53
2035 34,448,817 0.78 % 263,084 -62,012 29.3 1.84 240 27.9 % 9,622,950 0.39 % 8,879,397,401 53
2040 35,568,802 0.64 % 223,997 -62,012 31.3 1.81 248 30.6 % 10,883,768 0.39 % 9,188,250,492 54
2045 36,557,101 0.55 % 197,660 -62,012 33.1 1.78 255 33.3 % 12,181,771 0.39 % 9,467,543,575 54
2050 37,401,365 0.46 % 168,853   34.8 1.76 261 36.1 % 13,496,018 0.39 % 9,709,491,761 55
Source: Worldometer (www.Worldometers.info)
Elaboration of data by United Nations, Department of Economic and Social Affairs, Population Division. World Population Prospects: The 2022 Revision. (Medium-fertility variant).

Nepal Demographics

Main Page: Demographics of Nepal
Life Expectancy
70.78 years
(life expectancy at birth, both sexes)
View by sex and historical chart
Infant Mortality
19.2
(infant deaths per 1,000 live births)
View historical chart
Deaths under age 5
23.1
(per 1,000 live births)
View historical chart

Main Cities by Population in Nepal

(includes boroughs, districts, urban agglomerations, etc.)

# CITY NAME POPULATION
1 Kathmandu 1,442,271
2 Pokhara 200,000
3 Patan 183,310
4 Biratnagar 182,324
5 Birganj 133,238
6 Dharan 108,600
7 Bharatpur 107,157
8 Janakpur 93,767
9 Dhangadhi 92,294
10 Butwal 91,733
11 Mahendranagar 88,381
12 Hetauda 84,775
13 Madhyapur Thimi 83,036
14 Triyuga 71,405
15 Inaruwa 70,093
16 Nepalgunj 64,400
17 Siddharthanagar 63,367
18 Gulariya 53,107
19 Titahari 47,984
20 Panauti 46,595
21 Tikapur 44,758
22 Kirtipur 44,632
23 Tulsipur 39,058
24 Rajbiraj 33,061
25 Lahan 31,495
26 Birendranagar 31,381
27 Panauti 27,602
28 Gaur 27,325
29 Siraha 24,657
30 Tansen 23,693
31 Jaleshwar 23,573
32 Dipayal 23,416
33 Baglung 23,296
34 Khanbari 22,903
35 Dhankuta 22,084
36 Walin 21,867
37 Dailekh 20,908
38 Malangawa 20,284
39 Bhadrapur 19,523
40 Dadeldhura 19,014
41 Darchula 18,317
42 Ilam 17,491
43 Banepa 17,153
44 Dhulikhel 16,263

See also

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Notes

The Nepal Population (Live) counter shows a continuously updated estimate of the current population of Nepal delivered by Worldometer's RTS algorithm, which processes data collected from the United Nations Population Division.

The Population of Nepal (1950 - 2023) chart plots the total population count as of July 1 of each year, from 1950 to 2023.

The Yearly Population Growth Rate chart plots the annual percentage changes in population registered on July 1 of each year, from 1951 to 2023. This value can differ from the Yearly % Change shown in the historical table, which shows the last year equivalent percentage change assuming homogeneous change in the preceding five year period.

Definitions

Year: as of July 1 of the year indicated.

Population: Overall total population (both sexes and all ages) in the country as of July 1 of the year indicated, as estimated by the United Nations, Department of Economic and Social Affairs, Population Division. World Population Prospects: The 2022 Revision. For forecasted years, the U.N. medium-fertility variant is used.


Yearly % Change: For 2023: percentage change in total population over the last year (from July 1, 2022 to June 30 2023). For all other years: latest year annual percentage change equivalent assuming homogeneous change in the preceding five year period, calculated through reverse compounding.

Yearly Change: For 2023: absolute change in total population (increase or decrease in number of people) over the last year (from July 1, 2022 to June 30 2023). For all other years: average annual numerical change over the preceding five year period.

Migrants (net): The average annual number of immigrants minus the number of emigrants over the preceding five year period (running from July 1 to June 30 of the initial and final years), or subsequent five year period (for 2016 data). A negative number means that there are more emigrants than immigrants.

Median Age: age that divides the population into two numerically equal groups: half of the people are older than the median age indicated and half are younger. This parameter provides an indication of age distribution.

Fertility Rate: (Total Fertility Rate, or TFR), it is expressed as children per woman. It is calculated as the average number of children an average woman will have during her reproductive period (15 to 49 years old) based on the current fertility rates of every age group in the country, and assuming she is not subject to mortality.

Density (P/Km²): (Population Density) Population per square Kilometer (Km²).

Urban Pop % : Urban population as a percentage of total population.

Urban Population: Population living in areas classified as urban according to the criteria used by each country.

Country's Share of World Pop: Total population in the country as a percentage of total World Population as of July 1 of the year indicated.

World Population: Total World Population as of July 1 of the year indicated.

Global Rank: Position held by Nepal in the list of all countries worldwide ranked by population (from the highest population to the lowest population) as of July 1 of the year indicated.