Nicaragua Population (LIVE)

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Nicaragua Population (1950 - 2024)
Yearly Population Growth Rate (%)
  • The current population of Nicaragua is 7,123,813 as of Monday, April 22, 2024, based on Worldometer elaboration of the latest United Nations data 1.
  • Nicaragua 2023 population is estimated at 7,046,310 people at mid year.
  • Nicaragua population is equivalent to 0.09% of the total world population.
  • Nicaragua ranks number 106 in the list of countries (and dependencies) by population.
  • The population density in Nicaragua is 59 per Km2 (152 people per mi2).
  • The total land area is 120,340 Km2 (46,464 sq. miles)
  • 56.1 % of the population is urban (3,953,958 people in 2023)
  • The median age in Nicaragua is 25.3 years.
1. Updated on July 16, 2023 with the latest July 2023-July 2024 estimates from the United Nations, Department of Economic and Social Affairs, Population Division. World Population Prospects: The 2022 Revision. (Medium-fertility variant).

Population of Nicaragua (2024 and historical)

YearPopulationYearly %
Change
Yearly
Change
Migrants (net)Median AgeFertility RateDensity (P/Km²)Urban
Pop %
Urban PopulationCountry's Share of
World Pop
World PopulationNicaragua
Global Rank
2024 7,142,529 1.37 % 96,219 -8,000 25.6 2.22 59 56.2 % 4,011,856 0.09 % 8,118,835,999 105
2023 7,046,310 1.41 % 97,918 -8,000 25.3 2.25 59 56.1 % 3,953,958 0.09 % 8,045,311,447 106
2022 6,948,392 1.43 % 97,852 -8,000 24.9 2.28 58 56.1 % 3,897,350 0.09 % 7,975,105,156 106
2020 6,755,895 1.38 % 91,971 -10,384 24.2 2.35 56 56.0 % 3,786,513 0.09 % 7,840,952,880 107
2015 6,298,598 1.47 % 88,573 -24,359 22.5 2.48 52 55.9 % 3,521,191 0.08 % 7,426,597,537 108
2010 5,855,734 1.43 % 80,211 -29,081 20.9 2.60 49 55.8 % 3,265,767 0.08 % 6,985,603,105 109
2005 5,454,678 1.26 % 66,291 -33,283 19.5 2.77 45 55.2 % 3,008,904 0.08 % 6,558,176,119 109
2000 5,123,222 1.64 % 80,259-42,092 18.0 3.11 43 54.1 % 2,774,059 0.08 % 6,148,898,975 109
1995 4,721,929 2.24 % 98,822 -25,888 16.6 3.78 39 53.2 % 2,510,763 0.08 % 5,743,219,454 109
1990 4,227,820 2.36 % 92,957 -24,283 15.6 4.60 35 52.0 % 2,199,710 0.08 % 5,316,175,862 114
1985 3,763,034 2.64 % 91,945 -23,848 15.1 5.36 31 50.9 % 1,917,021 0.08 % 4,861,730,613 111
1980 3,303,309 2.94 % 89,170 -15,132 15.0 5.96 27 49.5 % 1,634,444 0.07 % 4,444,007,706 114
1975 2,857,461 3.17 % 82,539 -9,349 15.0 6.50 24 47.9 % 1,367,562 0.07 % 4,069,437,231 118
1970 2,444,767 3.24 % 72,134 -5,419 14.9 6.81 20 46.1 % 1,127,826 0.07 % 3,695,390,336 120
1965 2,084,097 3.09 % 58,883 -3,226 14.7 7.03 17 42.3 % 880,894 0.06 % 3,337,111,983 125
1960 1,789,684 3.06 % 50,027 -2,417 15.0 7.16 15 39.2 % 702,450 0.06 % 3,019,233,434 123
1955 1,539,551 2.96 % 41,822 -2,185 15.7 7.12 13 36.6 % 563,437 0.06 % 2,746,072,141 125
Source: Worldometer (www.Worldometers.info)
Elaboration of data by United Nations, Department of Economic and Social Affairs, Population Division. World Population Prospects: The 2022 Revision. (Medium-fertility variant).
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Nicaragua Population Forecast

-8,000
YearPopulationYearly %
Change
Yearly
Change
Migrants (net)Median AgeFertility RateDensity (P/Km²)Urban
Pop %
Urban PopulationCountry's Share of
World Pop
World PopulationNicaragua
Global Rank
2025 7,237,313 1.39 % 96,284 -8,000 26.0 2.20 60 56.3 % 4,071,293 0.09 % 8,191,988,453 105
2030 7,688,686 1.22 % 90,275 -8,000 27.7 2.09 64 57.1 % 4,387,220 0.09 % 8,546,141,327 104
2035 8,103,378 1.06 % 82,938 -8,000 29.5 2.02 67 58.1 % 4,708,736 0.09 % 8,879,397,401 105
2040 8,478,904 0.91 % 75,105 -8,000 31.2 1.95 70 59.3 % 5,031,702 0.09 % 9,188,250,492 106
2045 8,810,803 0.77 % 66,380 -8,000 32.9 1.90 73 60.6 % 5,343,215 0.09 % 9,467,543,575 106
2050 9,094,641 0.64 % 56,768   34.7 1.86 76 61.8 % 5,624,111 0.09 % 9,709,491,761 104
Source: Worldometer (www.Worldometers.info)
Elaboration of data by United Nations, Department of Economic and Social Affairs, Population Division. World Population Prospects: The 2022 Revision. (Medium-fertility variant).

Nicaragua Demographics

Main Page: Demographics of Nicaragua
Life Expectancy
74.80 years
(life expectancy at birth, both sexes)
View by sex and historical chart
Infant Mortality
11.9
(infant deaths per 1,000 live births)
View historical chart
Deaths under age 5
14.2
(per 1,000 live births)
View historical chart

Main Cities by Population in Nicaragua

(includes boroughs, districts, urban agglomerations, etc.)

# CITY NAME POPULATION
1 Managua 973,087
2 Leon 144,538
3 Masaya 130,113
4 Chinandega 126,387
5 Matagalpa 109,089
6 Esteli 96,422
7 Granada 89,409
8 Jinotega 55,000
9 El Viejo 53,504
10 Nueva Guinea 52,929
11 Tipitapa 50,000
11 Juigalpa 50,000
11 Ciudad Sandino 50,000
12 Bluefields 44,373
13 Diriamba 35,008
14 Ocotal 33,928
15 Puerto Cabezas 33,635
16 Chichigalpa 33,137
17 Rivas 30,000
18 San Rafael del Sur 29,836
19 Jinotepe 29,507
20 Boaco 29,046
21 Nagarote 26,270
22 Jalapa 24,037
23 La Paz Centro 23,481
24 San Marcos 23,347
25 Masatepe 21,452
26 Nandaime 20,810
27 El Rama 20,456
28 Somoto 20,316
29 Corinto 19,183
30 Rio Blanco 17,018
31 Camoapa 16,653
32 El Crucero 16,469
33 Siuna 16,056
34 Somotillo 15,385

See also

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Notes

The Nicaragua Population (Live) counter shows a continuously updated estimate of the current population of Nicaragua delivered by Worldometer's RTS algorithm, which processes data collected from the United Nations Population Division.

The Population of Nicaragua (1950 - 2023) chart plots the total population count as of July 1 of each year, from 1950 to 2023.

The Yearly Population Growth Rate chart plots the annual percentage changes in population registered on July 1 of each year, from 1951 to 2023. This value can differ from the Yearly % Change shown in the historical table, which shows the last year equivalent percentage change assuming homogeneous change in the preceding five year period.

Definitions

Year: as of July 1 of the year indicated.

Population: Overall total population (both sexes and all ages) in the country as of July 1 of the year indicated, as estimated by the United Nations, Department of Economic and Social Affairs, Population Division. World Population Prospects: The 2022 Revision. For forecasted years, the U.N. medium-fertility variant is used.


Yearly % Change: For 2023: percentage change in total population over the last year (from July 1, 2022 to June 30 2023). For all other years: latest year annual percentage change equivalent assuming homogeneous change in the preceding five year period, calculated through reverse compounding.

Yearly Change: For 2023: absolute change in total population (increase or decrease in number of people) over the last year (from July 1, 2022 to June 30 2023). For all other years: average annual numerical change over the preceding five year period.

Migrants (net): The average annual number of immigrants minus the number of emigrants over the preceding five year period (running from July 1 to June 30 of the initial and final years), or subsequent five year period (for 2016 data). A negative number means that there are more emigrants than immigrants.

Median Age: age that divides the population into two numerically equal groups: half of the people are older than the median age indicated and half are younger. This parameter provides an indication of age distribution.

Fertility Rate: (Total Fertility Rate, or TFR), it is expressed as children per woman. It is calculated as the average number of children an average woman will have during her reproductive period (15 to 49 years old) based on the current fertility rates of every age group in the country, and assuming she is not subject to mortality.

Density (P/Km²): (Population Density) Population per square Kilometer (Km²).

Urban Pop % : Urban population as a percentage of total population.

Urban Population: Population living in areas classified as urban according to the criteria used by each country.

Country's Share of World Pop: Total population in the country as a percentage of total World Population as of July 1 of the year indicated.

World Population: Total World Population as of July 1 of the year indicated.

Global Rank: Position held by Nicaragua in the list of all countries worldwide ranked by population (from the highest population to the lowest population) as of July 1 of the year indicated.