Nigeria Population (LIVE)

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Nigeria Population (1950 - 2024)
Yearly Population Growth Rate (%)
  • The current population of Nigeria is 228,872,314 as of Saturday, June 15, 2024, based on Worldometer elaboration of the latest United Nations data 1.
  • Nigeria 2023 population is estimated at 223,804,632 people at mid year.
  • Nigeria population is equivalent to 2.78% of the total world population.
  • Nigeria ranks number 6 in the list of countries (and dependencies) by population.
  • The population density in Nigeria is 246 per Km2 (636 people per mi2).
  • The total land area is 910,770 Km2 (351,650 sq. miles)
  • 53.9 % of the population is urban (120,696,717 people in 2023)
  • The median age in Nigeria is 17.2 years.
1. Updated on July 16, 2023 with the latest July 2023-July 2024 estimates from the United Nations, Department of Economic and Social Affairs, Population Division. World Population Prospects: The 2022 Revision. (Medium-fertility variant).

Population of Nigeria (2024 and historical)

YearPopulationYearly %
Change
Yearly
Change
Migrants (net)Median AgeFertility RateDensity (P/Km²)Urban
Pop %
Urban PopulationCountry's Share of
World Pop
World PopulationNigeria
Global Rank
2024 229,152,217 2.39 % 5,347,585 -59,996 17.4 4.99 252 54.7 % 125,447,884 2.82 % 8,118,835,999 6
2023 223,804,632 2.41 % 5,263,420 -59,996 17.2 5.06 246 53.9 % 120,696,717 2.78 % 8,045,311,447 6
2022 218,541,212 2.41 % 5,139,889 -59,996 17.1 5.14 240 53.1 % 116,057,853 2.74 % 7,975,105,156 6
2020 208,327,405 2.47 % 5,022,913 -4,824 16.9 5.31 229 51.4 % 107,112,526 2.66 % 7,840,952,880 7
2015 183,995,785 2.71 % 4,608,586 -145,917 16.7 5.62 202 47.1 % 86,673,094 2.48 % 7,426,597,537 7
2010 160,952,853 2.76 % 4,092,426 18,073 16.7 5.98 177 42.8 % 68,949,828 2.30 % 6,985,603,105 7
2005 140,490,722 2.72 % 3,527,748 -46,749 17.0 6.07 154 38.6 % 54,288,918 2.14 % 6,558,176,119 9
2000 122,851,984 2.57 % 2,932,87534,146 17.0 6.12 135 34.7 % 42,627,440 2.00 % 6,148,898,975 10
1995 108,187,610 2.59 % 2,594,671 43,504 16.7 6.27 119 32.2 % 34,785,545 1.88 % 5,743,219,454 10
1990 95,214,257 2.64 % 2,325,801 107,212 16.4 6.46 105 29.7 % 28,276,132 1.79 % 5,316,175,862 10
1985 83,585,251 2.76 % 2,126,762 19,791 16.5 6.62 92 25.6 % 21,434,266 1.72 % 4,861,730,613 10
1980 72,951,439 3.03 % 2,020,025 184,467 17.0 6.85 80 22.1 % 16,139,321 1.64 % 4,444,007,706 11
1975 62,851,312 2.49 % 1,456,410 75,448 17.5 6.77 69 19.9 % 12,535,584 1.54 % 4,069,437,231 11
1970 55,569,264 2.16 % 1,128,693 7,960 18.0 6.47 61 17.9 % 9,942,297 1.50 % 3,695,390,336 12
1965 49,925,799 2.13 % 999,491 28,207 18.3 6.37 55 16.6 % 8,296,771 1.50 % 3,337,111,983 14
1960 44,928,342 1.93 % 817,824 12,174 18.3 6.36 49 15.5 % 6,955,737 1.49 % 3,019,233,434 14
1955 40,839,223 1.89 % 729,971 -12,619 18.3 6.40 45 12.1 % 4,952,844 1.49 % 2,746,072,141 14
Source: Worldometer (www.Worldometers.info)
Elaboration of data by United Nations, Department of Economic and Social Affairs, Population Division. World Population Prospects: The 2022 Revision. (Medium-fertility variant).
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Nigeria Population Forecast

-59,996
YearPopulationYearly %
Change
Yearly
Change
Migrants (net)Median AgeFertility RateDensity (P/Km²)Urban
Pop %
Urban PopulationCountry's Share of
World Pop
World PopulationNigeria
Global Rank
2025 234,573,603 2.40 % 5,249,240 -59,996 17.5 4.90 258 55.6 % 130,312,056 2.86 % 8,191,988,453 6
2030 262,580,426 2.28 % 5,601,365 -59,996 18.3 4.45 288 59.5 % 156,299,881 3.07 % 8,546,141,327 6
2035 291,591,598 2.12 % 5,802,234 -59,996 19.1 4.00 320 63.4 % 184,887,647 3.28 % 8,879,397,401 6
2040 320,779,660 1.93 % 5,837,612 -59,996 20.1 3.61 352 67.4 % 216,083,536 3.49 % 9,188,250,492 5
2045 349,603,702 1.74 % 5,764,808 -59,996 21.2 3.26 384 71.6 % 250,285,391 3.69 % 9,467,543,575 4
2050 377,459,883 1.55 % 5,571,236   22.4 2.99 414 76.1 % 287,130,349 3.89 % 9,709,491,761 3
Source: Worldometer (www.Worldometers.info)
Elaboration of data by United Nations, Department of Economic and Social Affairs, Population Division. World Population Prospects: The 2022 Revision. (Medium-fertility variant).

Nigeria Demographics

Main Page: Demographics of Nigeria
Life Expectancy
53.87 years
(life expectancy at birth, both sexes)
View by sex and historical chart
Infant Mortality
70.6
(infant deaths per 1,000 live births)
View historical chart
Deaths under age 5
109.1
(per 1,000 live births)
View historical chart

Main Cities by Population in Nigeria

(includes boroughs, districts, urban agglomerations, etc.)

# CITY NAME POPULATION
1 Lagos 9,000,000
2 Kano 3,626,068
3 Ibadan 3,565,108
4 Kaduna 1,582,102
5 Port Harcourt 1,148,665
6 Benin City 1,125,058
7 Maiduguri 1,112,449
8 Zaria 975,153
9 Aba 897,560
10 Jos 816,824
11 Ilorin 814,192
12 Oyo 736,072
13 Enugu 688,862
14 Abeokuta 593,100
15 Abuja 590,400
16 Sokoto 563,861
17 Onitsha 561,066
18 Warri 536,023
19 Ebute Ikorodu 535,619
20 Okene 479,178
21 Calabar 461,796
22 Uyo 436,606
23 Katsina 432,149
24 Ado-Ekiti 424,340
25 Akure 420,594
26 Bauchi 316,149
27 Ikeja 313,196
28 Makurdi 292,645
29 Minna 291,905
30 Efon-Alaaye 279,319
31 Ilesa 277,904
32 Owo 276,574
33 Umuahia 264,662
34 Ondo 257,005
35 Ikot Ekpene 254,806
36 Iwo 250,443
37 Gombe 250,258
38 Jimeta 248,148
39 Atani 230,000
40 Gusau 226,857
41 Mubi 225,705
42 Ikire 222,160
43 Owerri 215,038
44 Shagamu 214,558
45 Ijebu-Ode 209,175
46 Ugep 200,276
47 Nnewi 193,987
48 Ise-Ekiti 190,063
49 Ila Orangun 179,192
50 Saki 178,677
51 Bida 171,656
52 Awka 167,738
53 Ijero-Ekiti 167,632
54 Inisa 164,161
55 Suleja 162,135
56 Sapele 161,686
57 Osogbo 156,694
58 Kisi 155,510
59 Gbongan 139,485
60 Ejigbo 138,357
61 Funtua 136,811
62 Igboho 136,764
63 Buguma 135,404
64 Ikirun 134,240
65 Abakaliki 134,102
66 Okrika 133,271
67 Amaigbo 127,300
68 Lafia 127,236
69 Gashua 125,817
70 Modakeke 119,529

See also

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Notes

The Nigeria Population (Live) counter shows a continuously updated estimate of the current population of Nigeria delivered by Worldometer's RTS algorithm, which processes data collected from the United Nations Population Division.

The Population of Nigeria (1950 - 2023) chart plots the total population count as of July 1 of each year, from 1950 to 2023.

The Yearly Population Growth Rate chart plots the annual percentage changes in population registered on July 1 of each year, from 1951 to 2023. This value can differ from the Yearly % Change shown in the historical table, which shows the last year equivalent percentage change assuming homogeneous change in the preceding five year period.

Definitions

Year: as of July 1 of the year indicated.

Population: Overall total population (both sexes and all ages) in the country as of July 1 of the year indicated, as estimated by the United Nations, Department of Economic and Social Affairs, Population Division. World Population Prospects: The 2022 Revision. For forecasted years, the U.N. medium-fertility variant is used.


Yearly % Change: For 2023: percentage change in total population over the last year (from July 1, 2022 to June 30 2023). For all other years: latest year annual percentage change equivalent assuming homogeneous change in the preceding five year period, calculated through reverse compounding.

Yearly Change: For 2023: absolute change in total population (increase or decrease in number of people) over the last year (from July 1, 2022 to June 30 2023). For all other years: average annual numerical change over the preceding five year period.

Migrants (net): The average annual number of immigrants minus the number of emigrants over the preceding five year period (running from July 1 to June 30 of the initial and final years), or subsequent five year period (for 2016 data). A negative number means that there are more emigrants than immigrants.

Median Age: age that divides the population into two numerically equal groups: half of the people are older than the median age indicated and half are younger. This parameter provides an indication of age distribution.

Fertility Rate: (Total Fertility Rate, or TFR), it is expressed as children per woman. It is calculated as the average number of children an average woman will have during her reproductive period (15 to 49 years old) based on the current fertility rates of every age group in the country, and assuming she is not subject to mortality.

Density (P/Km²): (Population Density) Population per square Kilometer (Km²).

Urban Pop % : Urban population as a percentage of total population.

Urban Population: Population living in areas classified as urban according to the criteria used by each country.

Country's Share of World Pop: Total population in the country as a percentage of total World Population as of July 1 of the year indicated.

World Population: Total World Population as of July 1 of the year indicated.

Global Rank: Position held by Nigeria in the list of all countries worldwide ranked by population (from the highest population to the lowest population) as of July 1 of the year indicated.