Peru Population (LIVE)

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Peru Population (1950 - 2024)
Yearly Population Growth Rate (%)
  • The current population of Peru is 34,575,457 as of Monday, March 4, 2024, based on Worldometer elaboration of the latest United Nations data 1.
  • Peru 2023 population is estimated at 34,352,719 people at mid year.
  • Peru population is equivalent to 0.43% of the total world population.
  • Peru ranks number 45 in the list of countries (and dependencies) by population.
  • The population density in Peru is 27 per Km2 (70 people per mi2).
  • The total land area is 1,280,000 Km2 (494,211 sq. miles)
  • 79.1 % of the population is urban (27,163,976 people in 2023)
  • The median age in Peru is 28.7 years.
1. Updated on July 16, 2023 with the latest July 2023-July 2024 estimates from the United Nations, Department of Economic and Social Affairs, Population Division. World Population Prospects: The 2022 Revision. (Medium-fertility variant).

Population of Peru (2024 and historical)

YearPopulationYearly %
Change
Yearly
Change
Migrants (net)Median AgeFertility RateDensity (P/Km²)Urban
Pop %
Urban PopulationCountry's Share of
World Pop
World PopulationPeru
Global Rank
2024 34,683,444 0.96 % 330,725 -54,099 29.1 2.12 27 79.4 % 27,522,690 0.43 % 8,118,835,999 47
2023 34,352,719 0.89 % 303,131 -61,442 28.7 2.14 27 79.1 % 27,163,976 0.43 % 8,045,311,447 45
2022 34,049,588 0.99 % 334,117 -60,652 28.4 2.16 27 78.7 % 26,804,348 0.43 % 7,975,105,156 44
2020 33,304,756 1.46 % 479,895 79,456 28.0 2.22 26 78.3 % 26,082,479 0.42 % 7,840,952,880 44
2015 30,711,863 0.99 % 296,458 2,462 26.7 2.34 24 79.0 % 24,271,929 0.41 % 7,426,597,537 44
2010 29,229,572 0.76 % 216,461 -181,284 25.0 2.57 23 76.8 % 22,450,249 0.42 % 6,985,603,105 41
2005 28,147,267 1.10 % 298,566 -221,582 23.1 2.69 22 73.6 % 20,717,275 0.43 % 6,558,176,119 39
2000 26,654,439 1.74 % 441,077-94,554 21.5 2.85 21 71.0 % 18,928,687 0.43 % 6,148,898,975 37
1995 24,449,055 2.03 % 467,991 -46,443 20.0 3.32 19 69.8 % 17,055,649 0.43 % 5,743,219,454 37
1990 22,109,099 2.29 % 472,498 -35,982 18.8 3.91 17 68.0 % 15,038,734 0.42 % 5,316,175,862 38
1985 19,746,610 2.45 % 450,841 -23,587 18.0 4.46 15 66.2 % 13,068,523 0.41 % 4,861,730,613 37
1980 17,492,406 2.53 % 410,182 -4,806 17.4 5.04 14 64.1 % 11,209,453 0.39 % 4,444,007,706 39
1975 15,441,497 2.63 % 375,825 -34,423 17.0 5.71 12 60.6 % 9,360,547 0.38 % 4,069,437,231 39
1970 13,562,371 2.86 % 356,158 -649 16.8 6.32 11 56.5 % 7,658,573 0.37 % 3,695,390,336 39
1965 11,781,581 2.98 % 321,875 -2,311 16.7 6.75 9 51.1 % 6,020,628 0.35 % 3,337,111,983 44
1960 10,172,207 2.88 % 269,262 -2,026 17.1 6.94 8 46.3 % 4,709,872 0.34 % 3,019,233,434 40
1955 8,825,897 2.82 % 229,386 -6,272 17.6 6.96 7 43.7 % 3,856,003 0.32 % 2,746,072,141 44
Source: Worldometer (www.Worldometers.info)
Elaboration of data by United Nations, Department of Economic and Social Affairs, Population Division. World Population Prospects: The 2022 Revision. (Medium-fertility variant).
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Peru Population Forecast

-5,920
YearPopulationYearly %
Change
Yearly
Change
Migrants (net)Median AgeFertility RateDensity (P/Km²)Urban
Pop %
Urban PopulationCountry's Share of
World Pop
World PopulationPeru
Global Rank
2025 35,015,825 1.01 % 342,214 -44,806 29.4 2.10 27 79.6 % 27,880,400 0.43 % 8,191,988,453 48
2030 36,702,393 0.95 % 337,314 -16,787 31.0 2.03 29 80.8 % 29,642,906 0.43 % 8,546,141,327 47
2035 38,292,986 0.85 % 318,119 -10,856 32.5 1.95 30 81.8 % 31,327,208 0.43 % 8,879,397,401 48
2040 39,720,162 0.73 % 285,435 -7,621 34.0 1.91 31 82.9 % 32,918,395 0.43 % 9,188,250,492 49
2045 40,968,891 0.62 % 249,746 -5,920 35.7 1.86 32 83.9 % 34,384,997 0.43 % 9,467,543,575 50
2050 42,022,554 0.51 % 210,733   37.3 1.83 33 84.9 % 35,667,261 0.43 % 9,709,491,761 50
Source: Worldometer (www.Worldometers.info)
Elaboration of data by United Nations, Department of Economic and Social Affairs, Population Division. World Population Prospects: The 2022 Revision. (Medium-fertility variant).

Peru Demographics

Main Page: Demographics of Peru
Life Expectancy
76.96 years
(life expectancy at birth, both sexes)
View by sex and historical chart
Infant Mortality
9.3
(infant deaths per 1,000 live births)
View historical chart
Deaths under age 5
11.7
(per 1,000 live births)
View historical chart

Main Cities by Population in Peru

(includes boroughs, districts, urban agglomerations, etc.)

# CITY NAME POPULATION
1 Lima 7,737,002
2 Arequipa 841,130
3 Callao 813,264
4 Trujillo 747,450
5 Chiclayo 577,375
6 Iquitos 437,620
7 Huancayo 376,657
8 Piura 325,466
9 Chimbote 316,966
10 Cusco 312,140
11 Pucallpa 310,750
12 Tacna 280,098
13 Santiago de Surco 251,648
14 Ica 246,844
15 Juliaca 245,675
16 Sullana 160,789
17 Chincha Alta 153,076
18 Huanuco 147,959
19 Ayacucho 140,033
20 Cajamarca 135,000
21 Puno 116,552
22 Tumbes 109,223
23 Talara 99,074
24 Chosica 88,606
25 Huaraz 86,934
26 Cerro de Pasco 78,910
27 Chulucanas 68,835
28 San Isidro 68,309
29 Huaral 62,174
30 Pisco 61,869
31 Catacaos 57,304
32 Paita 56,151
33 Abancay 55,111
34 Huacho 54,545
35 Moquegua 54,517
36 Ilo 53,476
37 Tingo Maria 53,177
38 Jaen 52,493
39 Tarma 51,350
40 Barranca 46,290
41 Moyobamba 44,276
42 Lambayeque 43,710
43 Picsi 43,610
44 Chepen 41,992
45 Yurimaguas 41,827
46 Huancavelica 41,576
47 Sana 39,200
48 Tambopata 38,966
49 Juanjui 37,715
50 Puerto Maldonado 37,543
51 La Union 34,834
52 Ferrenafe 34,357
53 Sicuani 33,575
54 La Oroya 33,345
55 Chocope 32,370
56 Nuevo Imperial 32,344
56 Imperial 32,344
57 Tambo Grande 30,033
58 La Rinconada 29,678
59 Pacasmayo 29,165
60 Tocache 29,029
61 Mollendo 28,953
62 Chaupimarca 28,666
63 Paramonga 27,631
64 La Peca 27,045
65 Chancay 26,958
66 Hualmay 26,658
67 Monsefu 25,707
68 Marcavelica 25,645
69 San Vicente de Canete 25,517

See also

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Notes

The Peru Population (Live) counter shows a continuously updated estimate of the current population of Peru delivered by Worldometer's RTS algorithm, which processes data collected from the United Nations Population Division.

The Population of Peru (1950 - 2023) chart plots the total population count as of July 1 of each year, from 1950 to 2023.

The Yearly Population Growth Rate chart plots the annual percentage changes in population registered on July 1 of each year, from 1951 to 2023. This value can differ from the Yearly % Change shown in the historical table, which shows the last year equivalent percentage change assuming homogeneous change in the preceding five year period.

Definitions

Year: as of July 1 of the year indicated.

Population: Overall total population (both sexes and all ages) in the country as of July 1 of the year indicated, as estimated by the United Nations, Department of Economic and Social Affairs, Population Division. World Population Prospects: The 2022 Revision. For forecasted years, the U.N. medium-fertility variant is used.


Yearly % Change: For 2023: percentage change in total population over the last year (from July 1, 2022 to June 30 2023). For all other years: latest year annual percentage change equivalent assuming homogeneous change in the preceding five year period, calculated through reverse compounding.

Yearly Change: For 2023: absolute change in total population (increase or decrease in number of people) over the last year (from July 1, 2022 to June 30 2023). For all other years: average annual numerical change over the preceding five year period.

Migrants (net): The average annual number of immigrants minus the number of emigrants over the preceding five year period (running from July 1 to June 30 of the initial and final years), or subsequent five year period (for 2016 data). A negative number means that there are more emigrants than immigrants.

Median Age: age that divides the population into two numerically equal groups: half of the people are older than the median age indicated and half are younger. This parameter provides an indication of age distribution.

Fertility Rate: (Total Fertility Rate, or TFR), it is expressed as children per woman. It is calculated as the average number of children an average woman will have during her reproductive period (15 to 49 years old) based on the current fertility rates of every age group in the country, and assuming she is not subject to mortality.

Density (P/Km²): (Population Density) Population per square Kilometer (Km²).

Urban Pop % : Urban population as a percentage of total population.

Urban Population: Population living in areas classified as urban according to the criteria used by each country.

Country's Share of World Pop: Total population in the country as a percentage of total World Population as of July 1 of the year indicated.

World Population: Total World Population as of July 1 of the year indicated.

Global Rank: Position held by Peru in the list of all countries worldwide ranked by population (from the highest population to the lowest population) as of July 1 of the year indicated.