Romania Population (LIVE)

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Romania Population (1950 - 2024)
Yearly Population Growth Rate (%)
  • The current population of Romania is 19,669,220 as of Monday, April 22, 2024, based on Worldometer elaboration of the latest United Nations data 1.
  • Romania 2023 population is estimated at 19,892,812 people at mid year.
  • Romania population is equivalent to 0.25% of the total world population.
  • Romania ranks number 64 in the list of countries (and dependencies) by population.
  • The population density in Romania is 86 per Km2 (224 people per mi2).
  • The total land area is 230,170 Km2 (88,869 sq. miles)
  • 52.5 % of the population is urban (10,448,074 people in 2023)
  • The median age in Romania is 41.3 years.
1. Updated on July 16, 2023 with the latest July 2023-July 2024 estimates from the United Nations, Department of Economic and Social Affairs, Population Division. World Population Prospects: The 2022 Revision. (Medium-fertility variant).

Population of Romania (2024 and historical)

YearPopulationYearly %
Change
Yearly
Change
Migrants (net)Median AgeFertility RateDensity (P/Km²)Urban
Pop %
Urban PopulationCountry's Share of
World Pop
World PopulationRomania
Global Rank
2024 19,618,996 -1.38 % -273,816 -192,962 41.8 1.74 85 53.2 % 10,437,471 0.24 % 8,118,835,999 66
2023 19,892,812 1.19 % 233,545 -254,616 41.3 1.74 86 52.5 % 10,448,074 0.25 % 8,045,311,447 64
2022 19,659,267 1.71 % 330,707 916,813 41.5 1.74 85 53.2 % 10,463,159 0.25 % 7,975,105,156 64
2020 19,442,038 -0.42 % -82,173 -12,724 41.6 1.75 84 54.0 % 10,507,365 0.25 % 7,840,952,880 62
2015 19,906,079 -0.43 % -85,826 -49,612 39.9 1.61 86 53.8 % 10,711,013 0.27 % 7,426,597,537 59
2010 20,335,211 -0.73 % -151,411 -112,173 38.3 1.58 88 54.1 % 11,002,831 0.29 % 6,985,603,105 58
2005 21,092,264 -0.77 % -165,522 -129,933 35.8 1.39 92 54.0 % 11,395,702 0.32 % 6,558,176,119 51
2000 21,919,876 -0.55 % -122,652-91,807 33.6 1.30 95 53.5 % 11,728,886 0.36 % 6,148,898,975 47
1995 22,533,134 -0.27 % -60,620 -75,823 33.0 1.34 98 54.8 % 12,348,124 0.39 % 5,743,219,454 40
1990 22,836,234 0.27 % 62,174 -39,265 31.9 1.83 99 54.7 % 12,500,412 0.43 % 5,316,175,862 37
1985 22,525,363 0.36 % 80,028 -29,179 31.3 2.27 98 50.9 % 11,468,899 0.46 % 4,861,730,613 34
1980 22,125,224 0.89 % 191,592 -19,516 30.6 2.43 96 47.1 % 10,417,222 0.50 % 4,444,007,706 33
1975 21,167,265 1.22 % 248,929 58,626 31.0 2.61 92 43.8 % 9,279,580 0.52 % 4,069,437,231 33
1970 19,922,618 0.83 % 161,109 -10,510 30.8 2.81 87 41.6 % 8,285,095 0.54 % 3,695,390,336 33
1965 19,117,072 0.70 % 131,813 -12,261 29.0 1.92 83 38.2 % 7,305,565 0.57 % 3,337,111,983 29
1960 18,458,008 1.12 % 200,543 -24,974 27.3 2.33 80 34.5 % 6,367,667 0.61 % 3,019,233,434 29
1955 17,455,291 1.26 % 212,464 -44,099 26.0 2.96 76 30.7 % 5,353,421 0.64 % 2,746,072,141 29
Source: Worldometer (www.Worldometers.info)
Elaboration of data by United Nations, Department of Economic and Social Affairs, Population Division. World Population Prospects: The 2022 Revision. (Medium-fertility variant).
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Romania Population Forecast

-8,000
YearPopulationYearly %
Change
Yearly
Change
Migrants (net)Median AgeFertility RateDensity (P/Km²)Urban
Pop %
Urban PopulationCountry's Share of
World Pop
World PopulationRomania
Global Rank
2025 19,424,322 -0.02 % -3,543 -131,308 42.2 1.74 84 53.7 % 10,431,178 0.24 % 8,191,988,453 67
2030 19,023,383 -0.42 % -80,188 -8,000 43.5 1.72 83 55.0 % 10,456,337 0.22 % 8,546,141,327 72
2035 18,680,470 -0.36 % -68,583 -8,000 45.0 1.71 81 56.5 % 10,553,645 0.21 % 8,879,397,401 73
2040 18,295,603 -0.42 % -76,973 -8,000 45.7 1.71 79 58.5 % 10,706,441 0.20 % 9,188,250,492 77
2045 17,882,022 -0.46 % -82,716 -8,000 46.0 1.71 78 60.6 % 10,844,374 0.19 % 9,467,543,575 78
2050 17,457,213 -0.48 % -84,962   46.2 1.71 76 62.6 % 10,932,389 0.18 % 9,709,491,761 79
Source: Worldometer (www.Worldometers.info)
Elaboration of data by United Nations, Department of Economic and Social Affairs, Population Division. World Population Prospects: The 2022 Revision. (Medium-fertility variant).

Romania Demographics

Main Page: Demographics of Romania
Life Expectancy
75.14 years
(life expectancy at birth, both sexes)
View by sex and historical chart
Infant Mortality
5.8
(infant deaths per 1,000 live births)
View historical chart
Deaths under age 5
7.2
(per 1,000 live births)
View historical chart

Main Cities by Population in Romania

(includes boroughs, districts, urban agglomerations, etc.)

# CITY NAME POPULATION
1 Bucharest 1,877,155
2 Sector 3 385,439
3 Sector 6 367,760
4 Sector 2 345,370
5 Iasi 318,012
6 Cluj-Napoca 316,748
7 Timisoara 315,053
8 Craiova 304,142
9 Constanta 303,399
10 Galati 294,087
11 Sector 4 287,828
12 Brasov 276,088
13 Sector 5 271,575
14 Ploiesti 228,851
15 Sector 1 225,453
16 Braila 213,569
17 Oradea 206,614
18 Bacau 171,396
19 Arad 169,065
20 Pitesti 167,669
21 Sibiu 151,894
22 Targu-Mures 146,863
23 Baia Mare 136,553
24 Buzau 130,954
25 Botosani 114,783
26 Satu Mare 112,490
27 Ramnicu Valcea 107,558
28 Suceava 105,796
29 Piatra Neamt 102,688
30 Drobeta-Turnu Severin 102,346
31 Targu Jiu 97,179
32 Tulcea 92,475
33 Targoviste 88,435
34 Bistrita 81,318
35 Resita 81,228
36 Slatina 78,988
37 Focsani 77,313
38 Vaslui 69,225
39 Hunedoara 69,136
40 Giurgiu 69,067
41 Roman 67,819
42 Barlad 67,818
43 Deva 67,802
44 Alba Iulia 66,085
45 Zalau 63,232
46 Sfantu Gheorghe 60,677
47 Turda 54,586
48 Medias 53,040
49 Slobozia 52,710
50 Alexandria 49,346
51 Pascani 45,000
52 Petrosani 44,187
53 Medgidia 43,315
54 Lugoj 43,243
55 Campina 41,554
56 Miercurea-Ciuc 41,282
57 Tecuci 41,154
58 Sighetu Marmatiei 40,653
59 Mangalia 39,619
60 Ramnicu Sarat 38,526
61 Dej 38,033
62 Odorheiu Secuiesc 36,532
63 Reghin-Sat 35,490
64 Sighisoara 34,537
65 Caracal 33,761
66 Navodari 33,106
67 Fetesti 32,866
68 Curtea de Arges 32,178
69 Dorohoi 30,776
70 Fagaras 30,714

See also

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Notes

The Romania Population (Live) counter shows a continuously updated estimate of the current population of Romania delivered by Worldometer's RTS algorithm, which processes data collected from the United Nations Population Division.

The Population of Romania (1950 - 2023) chart plots the total population count as of July 1 of each year, from 1950 to 2023.

The Yearly Population Growth Rate chart plots the annual percentage changes in population registered on July 1 of each year, from 1951 to 2023. This value can differ from the Yearly % Change shown in the historical table, which shows the last year equivalent percentage change assuming homogeneous change in the preceding five year period.

Definitions

Year: as of July 1 of the year indicated.

Population: Overall total population (both sexes and all ages) in the country as of July 1 of the year indicated, as estimated by the United Nations, Department of Economic and Social Affairs, Population Division. World Population Prospects: The 2022 Revision. For forecasted years, the U.N. medium-fertility variant is used.


Yearly % Change: For 2023: percentage change in total population over the last year (from July 1, 2022 to June 30 2023). For all other years: latest year annual percentage change equivalent assuming homogeneous change in the preceding five year period, calculated through reverse compounding.

Yearly Change: For 2023: absolute change in total population (increase or decrease in number of people) over the last year (from July 1, 2022 to June 30 2023). For all other years: average annual numerical change over the preceding five year period.

Migrants (net): The average annual number of immigrants minus the number of emigrants over the preceding five year period (running from July 1 to June 30 of the initial and final years), or subsequent five year period (for 2016 data). A negative number means that there are more emigrants than immigrants.

Median Age: age that divides the population into two numerically equal groups: half of the people are older than the median age indicated and half are younger. This parameter provides an indication of age distribution.

Fertility Rate: (Total Fertility Rate, or TFR), it is expressed as children per woman. It is calculated as the average number of children an average woman will have during her reproductive period (15 to 49 years old) based on the current fertility rates of every age group in the country, and assuming she is not subject to mortality.

Density (P/Km²): (Population Density) Population per square Kilometer (Km²).

Urban Pop % : Urban population as a percentage of total population.

Urban Population: Population living in areas classified as urban according to the criteria used by each country.

Country's Share of World Pop: Total population in the country as a percentage of total World Population as of July 1 of the year indicated.

World Population: Total World Population as of July 1 of the year indicated.

Global Rank: Position held by Romania in the list of all countries worldwide ranked by population (from the highest population to the lowest population) as of July 1 of the year indicated.