Rwanda Population (LIVE)

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Rwanda Population (1950 - 2024)
Yearly Population Growth Rate (%)
  • The current population of Rwanda is 14,298,556 as of Wednesday, February 21, 2024, based on Worldometer elaboration of the latest United Nations data 1.
  • Rwanda 2023 population is estimated at 14,094,683 people at mid year.
  • Rwanda population is equivalent to 0.18% of the total world population.
  • Rwanda ranks number 76 in the list of countries (and dependencies) by population.
  • The population density in Rwanda is 571 per Km2 (1,480 people per mi2).
  • The total land area is 24,670 Km2 (9,525 sq. miles)
  • 17.7 % of the population is urban (2,497,854 people in 2023)
  • The median age in Rwanda is 19.4 years.
1. Updated on July 16, 2023 with the latest July 2023-July 2024 estimates from the United Nations, Department of Economic and Social Affairs, Population Division. World Population Prospects: The 2022 Revision. (Medium-fertility variant).

Population of Rwanda (2024 and historical)

YearPopulationYearly %
Change
Yearly
Change
Migrants (net)Median AgeFertility RateDensity (P/Km²)Urban
Pop %
Urban PopulationCountry's Share of
World Pop
World PopulationRwanda
Global Rank
2024 14,414,910 2.27 % 320,227 -8,999 19.6 3.63 584 17.9 % 2,576,901 0.18 % 8,118,835,999 76
2023 14,094,683 2.31 % 317,985 -8,999 19.4 3.69 571 17.7 % 2,497,854 0.18 % 8,045,311,447 76
2022 13,776,698 2.34 % 314,810 -8,999 19.2 3.75 558 17.6 % 2,422,469 0.17 % 7,975,105,156 76
2020 13,146,362 2.43 % 311,334 -1,579 18.8 3.87 533 17.4 % 2,281,330 0.17 % 7,840,952,880 76
2015 11,642,959 2.46 % 266,786 -14,477 18.2 4.08 472 17.0 % 1,977,467 0.16 % 7,426,597,537 75
2010 10,309,031 2.69 % 256,546 -8,394 17.6 4.53 418 16.8 % 1,735,198 0.15 % 6,985,603,105 81
2005 9,026,299 2.16 % 183,262 -23,051 16.8 5.44 366 16.8 % 1,520,718 0.14 % 6,558,176,119 88
2000 8,109,989 7.36 % 484,618-99,860 15.4 5.92 329 14.8 % 1,197,920 0.13 % 6,148,898,975 89
1995 5,686,897 -4.92 % -326,613 443,316 13.6 6.32 231 10.3 % 583,164 0.10 % 5,743,219,454 99
1990 7,319,962 3.16 % 210,642 -31,720 14.6 6.87 297 5.4 % 391,898 0.14 % 5,316,175,862 86
1985 6,266,752 3.61 % 203,844 4,017 15.0 7.73 254 4.9 % 309,499 0.13 % 4,861,730,613 90
1980 5,247,532 3.05 % 146,355 4,634 15.5 8.19 213 4.6 % 242,682 0.12 % 4,444,007,706 91
1975 4,515,756 2.99 % 123,878 -4,792 15.4 8.22 183 3.9 % 174,257 0.11 % 4,069,437,231 96
1970 3,896,367 3.08 % 109,547 1,156 14.9 8.23 158 3.1 % 119,936 0.11 % 3,695,390,336 97
1965 3,348,631 2.46 % 76,494 -9,788 14.2 8.20 136 2.8 % 93,184 0.10 % 3,337,111,983 103
1960 2,966,162 3.17 % 85,649 -13,204 14.9 8.19 120 2.6 % 76,269 0.10 % 3,019,233,434 101
1955 2,537,919 3.33 % 76,740 -823 16.5 8.09 103 2.3 % 59,211 0.09 % 2,746,072,141 103
Source: Worldometer (www.Worldometers.info)
Elaboration of data by United Nations, Department of Economic and Social Affairs, Population Division. World Population Prospects: The 2022 Revision. (Medium-fertility variant).
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Rwanda Population Forecast

-8,999
YearPopulationYearly %
Change
Yearly
Change
Migrants (net)Median AgeFertility RateDensity (P/Km²)Urban
Pop %
Urban PopulationCountry's Share of
World Pop
World PopulationRwanda
Global Rank
2025 14,737,248 2.31 % 318,177 -8,999 19.8 3.58 597 18.0 % 2,659,944 0.18 % 8,191,988,453 76
2030 16,375,704 2.13 % 327,691 -8,999 21.0 3.32 664 19.2 % 3,143,843 0.19 % 8,546,141,327 77
2035 18,040,220 1.95 % 332,903 -8,999 22.1 3.10 731 20.9 % 3,768,985 0.20 % 8,879,397,401 77
2040 19,724,007 1.80 % 336,757 -8,999 23.3 2.90 800 23.1 % 4,562,582 0.21 % 9,188,250,492 75
2045 21,391,576 1.64 % 333,514 -8,999 24.5 2.73 867 25.6 % 5,477,407 0.23 % 9,467,543,575 74
2050 23,030,046 1.49 % 327,694   25.7 2.59 934 28.2 % 6,483,462 0.24 % 9,709,491,761 71
Source: Worldometer (www.Worldometers.info)
Elaboration of data by United Nations, Department of Economic and Social Affairs, Population Division. World Population Prospects: The 2022 Revision. (Medium-fertility variant).

Rwanda Demographics

Main Page: Demographics of Rwanda
Life Expectancy
67.35 years
(life expectancy at birth, both sexes)
View by sex and historical chart
Infant Mortality
27.3
(infant deaths per 1,000 live births)
View historical chart
Deaths under age 5
36.8
(per 1,000 live births)
View historical chart

Main Cities by Population in Rwanda

(includes boroughs, districts, urban agglomerations, etc.)

# CITY NAME POPULATION
1 Kigali 745,261
2 Butare 89,600
3 Gitarama 87,613
4 Musanze 86,685
5 Gisenyi 83,623
6 Byumba 70,593
7 Cyangugu 63,883
8 Kibuye 48,024
9 Rwamagana 47,203
10 Kibungo 46,240
11 Nzega 33,832

See also

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Notes

The Rwanda Population (Live) counter shows a continuously updated estimate of the current population of Rwanda delivered by Worldometer's RTS algorithm, which processes data collected from the United Nations Population Division.

The Population of Rwanda (1950 - 2023) chart plots the total population count as of July 1 of each year, from 1950 to 2023.

The Yearly Population Growth Rate chart plots the annual percentage changes in population registered on July 1 of each year, from 1951 to 2023. This value can differ from the Yearly % Change shown in the historical table, which shows the last year equivalent percentage change assuming homogeneous change in the preceding five year period.

Definitions

Year: as of July 1 of the year indicated.

Population: Overall total population (both sexes and all ages) in the country as of July 1 of the year indicated, as estimated by the United Nations, Department of Economic and Social Affairs, Population Division. World Population Prospects: The 2022 Revision. For forecasted years, the U.N. medium-fertility variant is used.


Yearly % Change: For 2023: percentage change in total population over the last year (from July 1, 2022 to June 30 2023). For all other years: latest year annual percentage change equivalent assuming homogeneous change in the preceding five year period, calculated through reverse compounding.

Yearly Change: For 2023: absolute change in total population (increase or decrease in number of people) over the last year (from July 1, 2022 to June 30 2023). For all other years: average annual numerical change over the preceding five year period.

Migrants (net): The average annual number of immigrants minus the number of emigrants over the preceding five year period (running from July 1 to June 30 of the initial and final years), or subsequent five year period (for 2016 data). A negative number means that there are more emigrants than immigrants.

Median Age: age that divides the population into two numerically equal groups: half of the people are older than the median age indicated and half are younger. This parameter provides an indication of age distribution.

Fertility Rate: (Total Fertility Rate, or TFR), it is expressed as children per woman. It is calculated as the average number of children an average woman will have during her reproductive period (15 to 49 years old) based on the current fertility rates of every age group in the country, and assuming she is not subject to mortality.

Density (P/Km²): (Population Density) Population per square Kilometer (Km²).

Urban Pop % : Urban population as a percentage of total population.

Urban Population: Population living in areas classified as urban according to the criteria used by each country.

Country's Share of World Pop: Total population in the country as a percentage of total World Population as of July 1 of the year indicated.

World Population: Total World Population as of July 1 of the year indicated.

Global Rank: Position held by Rwanda in the list of all countries worldwide ranked by population (from the highest population to the lowest population) as of July 1 of the year indicated.