Saudi Arabia Population (LIVE)

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Saudi Arabia Population (1950 - 2024)
Yearly Population Growth Rate (%)
  • The current population of Saudi Arabia is 37,448,716 as of Saturday, June 15, 2024, based on Worldometer elaboration of the latest United Nations data 1.
  • Saudi Arabia 2023 population is estimated at 36,947,025 people at mid year.
  • Saudi Arabia population is equivalent to 0.46% of the total world population.
  • Saudi Arabia ranks number 40 in the list of countries (and dependencies) by population.
  • The population density in Saudi Arabia is 17 per Km2 (45 people per mi2).
  • The total land area is 2,149,690 Km2 (830,000 sq. miles)
  • 83.5 % of the population is urban (30,846,442 people in 2023)
  • The median age in Saudi Arabia is 30.6 years.
1. Updated on July 16, 2023 with the latest July 2023-July 2024 estimates from the United Nations, Department of Economic and Social Affairs, Population Division. World Population Prospects: The 2022 Revision. (Medium-fertility variant).

Population of Saudi Arabia (2024 and historical)

YearPopulationYearly %
Change
Yearly
Change
Migrants (net)Median AgeFertility RateDensity (P/Km²)Urban
Pop %
Urban PopulationCountry's Share of
World Pop
World PopulationSaudi Arabia
Global Rank
2024 37,473,929 1.43 % 526,904 28,998 31.1 2.33 17 83.7 % 31,350,546 0.46 % 8,118,835,999 42
2023 36,947,025 1.48 % 538,205 28,998 30.6 2.36 17 83.5 % 30,846,442 0.46 % 8,045,311,447 40
2022 36,408,820 1.28 % 458,424 28,998 30.2 2.39 17 83.3 % 30,329,753 0.46 % 7,975,105,156 41
2020 35,997,107 0.47 % 169,745 -1,025,295 29.2 2.47 17 81.3 % 29,255,576 0.46 % 7,840,952,880 41
2015 32,749,848 2.17 % 667,584 60,337 28.3 2.64 15 80.2 % 26,249,243 0.44 % 7,426,597,537 41
2010 29,411,929 3.81 % 1,002,857 236,962 25.3 2.85 14 76.5 % 22,512,101 0.42 % 6,985,603,105 40
2005 24,397,644 2.52 % 570,051 481,349 23.2 3.24 11 79.3 % 19,358,664 0.37 % 6,558,176,119 46
2000 21,547,390 2.67 % 531,70717,241 21.2 4.12 10 76.9 % 16,579,826 0.35 % 6,148,898,975 48
1995 18,888,857 3.37 % 576,819 27,095 19.3 4.95 9 78.0 % 14,739,559 0.33 % 5,743,219,454 48
1990 16,004,763 4.42 % 622,904 186,898 18.2 5.83 7 78.1 % 12,503,513 0.30 % 5,316,175,862 51
1985 12,890,245 4.85 % 543,707 163,926 17.0 6.70 6 74.3 % 9,581,553 0.27 % 4,861,730,613 53
1980 10,171,710 5.19 % 454,833 148,004 16.2 7.19 5 63.1 % 6,415,124 0.23 % 4,444,007,706 58
1975 7,897,544 5.28 % 358,271 132,741 16.6 7.37 4 54.9 % 4,334,558 0.19 % 4,069,437,231 65
1970 6,106,191 4.17 % 225,454 63,988 16.2 7.58 3 46.5 % 2,840,506 0.17 % 3,695,390,336 75
1965 4,978,922 3.63 % 162,672 28,951 16.1 7.66 2 37.7 % 1,877,805 0.15 % 3,337,111,983 83
1960 4,165,563 3.07 % 116,731 7,608 16.5 7.63 2 30.7 % 1,277,054 0.14 % 3,019,233,434 81
1955 3,581,910 3.00 % 98,443 2,108 17.3 7.59 2 25.8 % 923,917 0.13 % 2,746,072,141 83
Source: Worldometer (www.Worldometers.info)
Elaboration of data by United Nations, Department of Economic and Social Affairs, Population Division. World Population Prospects: The 2022 Revision. (Medium-fertility variant).
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Saudi Arabia Population Forecast

38,997
YearPopulationYearly %
Change
Yearly
Change
Migrants (net)Median AgeFertility RateDensity (P/Km²)Urban
Pop %
Urban PopulationCountry's Share of
World Pop
World PopulationSaudi Arabia
Global Rank
2025 37,989,969 1.08 % 398,572 28,998 31.5 2.30 18 83.8 % 31,842,626 0.46 % 8,191,988,453 42
2030 40,461,368 1.27 % 494,280 38,997 33.4 2.16 19 84.4 % 34,142,975 0.47 % 8,546,141,327 40
2035 42,755,976 1.11 % 458,922 38,997 34.8 2.06 20 84.6 % 36,170,029 0.48 % 8,879,397,401 40
2040 44,881,078 0.97 % 425,020 38,997 36.2 1.99 21 84.4 % 37,878,811 0.49 % 9,188,250,492 42
2045 46,785,937 0.83 % 380,972 38,997 37.4 1.93 22 84.2 % 39,396,408 0.49 % 9,467,543,575 44
2050 48,374,543 0.67 % 317,721   38.8 1.88 23 84.2 % 40,708,624 0.50 % 9,709,491,761 43
Source: Worldometer (www.Worldometers.info)
Elaboration of data by United Nations, Department of Economic and Social Affairs, Population Division. World Population Prospects: The 2022 Revision. (Medium-fertility variant).

Saudi Arabia Demographics

Main Page: Demographics of Saudi Arabia
Life Expectancy
78.10 years
(life expectancy at birth, both sexes)
View by sex and historical chart
Infant Mortality
5.3
(infant deaths per 1,000 live births)
View historical chart
Deaths under age 5
6.4
(per 1,000 live births)
View historical chart

Main Cities by Population in Saudi Arabia

(includes boroughs, districts, urban agglomerations, etc.)

# CITY NAME POPULATION
1 Riyadh 4,205,961
2 Jeddah 2,867,446
3 Mecca 1,323,624
4 Medina 1,300,000
5 Sultanah 946,697
6 Dammam 768,602
7 Ta'if 530,848
8 Tabuk 455,450
9 Al Kharj 425,300
10 Buraydah 391,336
11 Khamis Mushait 387,553
12 Al Hufuf 293,179
13 Al Mubarraz 290,802
14 Hafar Al-Batin 271,642
15 Ha'il 267,005
16 Najran 258,573
17 Al Jubayl 237,274
18 Abha 210,886
19 Yanbu 200,161
20 Khobar 165,799
21 Arar 148,540
22 Sakakah 128,332
23 Jizan 105,198
24 Qurayyat 102,903
25 Dhahran 99,540
26 Al Qatif 98,259
27 Al Bahah 88,419
28 Tarut 85,371
29 Qal`at Bishah 81,828
30 Ar Rass 81,728
31 Ash Shafa 72,190
32 Sayhat 66,702
33 Al Mithnab 60,870
34 Al Khafji 54,857
35 Ad Dawadimi 54,474
36 Sabya 54,108
37 Az Zulfi 53,144
38 Abu `Arish 49,171
39 Safwa 45,876
40 Afif 45,525
41 Rabigh 41,759
42 Rahimah 41,188
43 Turaif 40,819
44 Tubarjal 40,019
45 Ad Dilam 35,371
46 Umm Lajj 33,874
47 Al-`Ula 32,413
48 Abqaiq 29,474
49 Badr Hunayn 27,257
50 Samitah 26,945
51 Al Wajh 26,636
52 Al Bukayriyah 25,153
53 An Nimas 24,153
54 As Sulayyil 24,097
55 Turabah 23,235
56 Al Jumum 22,207
57 Duba 22,000
58 At Taraf 21,386
59 Qaisumah 20,685
60 Al Battaliyah 16,606
61 Al Munayzilah 16,296

See also

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Notes

The Saudi Arabia Population (Live) counter shows a continuously updated estimate of the current population of Saudi Arabia delivered by Worldometer's RTS algorithm, which processes data collected from the United Nations Population Division.

The Population of Saudi Arabia (1950 - 2023) chart plots the total population count as of July 1 of each year, from 1950 to 2023.

The Yearly Population Growth Rate chart plots the annual percentage changes in population registered on July 1 of each year, from 1951 to 2023. This value can differ from the Yearly % Change shown in the historical table, which shows the last year equivalent percentage change assuming homogeneous change in the preceding five year period.

Definitions

Year: as of July 1 of the year indicated.

Population: Overall total population (both sexes and all ages) in the country as of July 1 of the year indicated, as estimated by the United Nations, Department of Economic and Social Affairs, Population Division. World Population Prospects: The 2022 Revision. For forecasted years, the U.N. medium-fertility variant is used.


Yearly % Change: For 2023: percentage change in total population over the last year (from July 1, 2022 to June 30 2023). For all other years: latest year annual percentage change equivalent assuming homogeneous change in the preceding five year period, calculated through reverse compounding.

Yearly Change: For 2023: absolute change in total population (increase or decrease in number of people) over the last year (from July 1, 2022 to June 30 2023). For all other years: average annual numerical change over the preceding five year period.

Migrants (net): The average annual number of immigrants minus the number of emigrants over the preceding five year period (running from July 1 to June 30 of the initial and final years), or subsequent five year period (for 2016 data). A negative number means that there are more emigrants than immigrants.

Median Age: age that divides the population into two numerically equal groups: half of the people are older than the median age indicated and half are younger. This parameter provides an indication of age distribution.

Fertility Rate: (Total Fertility Rate, or TFR), it is expressed as children per woman. It is calculated as the average number of children an average woman will have during her reproductive period (15 to 49 years old) based on the current fertility rates of every age group in the country, and assuming she is not subject to mortality.

Density (P/Km²): (Population Density) Population per square Kilometer (Km²).

Urban Pop % : Urban population as a percentage of total population.

Urban Population: Population living in areas classified as urban according to the criteria used by each country.

Country's Share of World Pop: Total population in the country as a percentage of total World Population as of July 1 of the year indicated.

World Population: Total World Population as of July 1 of the year indicated.

Global Rank: Position held by Saudi Arabia in the list of all countries worldwide ranked by population (from the highest population to the lowest population) as of July 1 of the year indicated.