Thailand Population (LIVE)

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Thailand Population (1950 - 2024)
Yearly Population Growth Rate (%)
  • The current population of Thailand is 71,855,664 as of Wednesday, February 21, 2024, based on Worldometer elaboration of the latest United Nations data 1.
  • Thailand 2023 population is estimated at 71,801,279 people at mid year.
  • Thailand population is equivalent to 0.89% of the total world population.
  • Thailand ranks number 20 in the list of countries (and dependencies) by population.
  • The population density in Thailand is 141 per Km2 (364 people per mi2).
  • The total land area is 510,890 Km2 (197,256 sq. miles)
  • 52.0 % of the population is urban (37,322,064 people in 2023)
  • The median age in Thailand is 40.2 years.
1. Updated on July 16, 2023 with the latest July 2023-July 2024 estimates from the United Nations, Department of Economic and Social Affairs, Population Division. World Population Prospects: The 2022 Revision. (Medium-fertility variant).

Population of Thailand (2024 and historical)

YearPopulationYearly %
Change
Yearly
Change
Migrants (net)Median AgeFertility RateDensity (P/Km²)Urban
Pop %
Urban PopulationCountry's Share of
World Pop
World PopulationThailand
Global Rank
2024 71,885,799 0.12 % 84,520 18,999 40.7 1.31 141 52.6 % 37,838,857 0.89 % 8,118,835,999 20
2023 71,801,279 0.15 % 104,249 18,999 40.2 1.32 141 52.0 % 37,322,064 0.89 % 8,045,311,447 20
2022 71,697,030 0.13 % 95,927 18,999 39.7 1.32 140 51.3 % 36,793,252 0.90 % 7,975,105,156 20
2020 71,475,664 0.24 % 167,901 35,526 38.8 1.34 140 49.9 % 35,698,325 0.91 % 7,840,952,880 20
2015 70,294,397 0.59 % 404,782 32,595 36.5 1.47 138 46.6 % 32,745,680 0.95 % 7,426,597,537 20
2010 68,270,489 0.73 % 489,826 52,842 34.5 1.58 134 43.2 % 29,475,114 0.98 % 6,985,603,105 19
2005 65,821,360 0.86 % 550,951 70,281 32.3 1.59 129 37.2 % 24,476,532 1.00 % 6,558,176,119 19
2000 63,066,603 1.20 % 728,354119,074 30.1 1.61 123 31.3 % 19,759,915 1.03 % 6,148,898,975 19
1995 59,424,834 1.48 % 839,285 102,011 26.9 1.90 116 30.3 % 18,012,031 1.03 % 5,743,219,454 17
1990 55,228,410 1.77 % 926,694 130,112 23.3 2.09 108 30.1 % 16,648,721 1.04 % 5,316,175,862 20
1985 50,594,940 2.04 % 971,437 147,244 20.9 2.52 99 28.9 % 14,621,264 1.04 % 4,861,730,613 19
1980 45,737,753 2.26 % 965,856 109,679 18.9 3.36 90 27.8 % 12,695,065 1.03 % 4,444,007,706 19
1975 40,908,471 2.71 % 1,023,349 66,197 17.3 4.40 80 24.6 % 10,058,137 1.01 % 4,069,437,231 19
1970 35,791,728 2.96 % 970,292 49,227 16.4 5.55 70 21.5 % 7,704,931 0.97 % 3,695,390,336 19
1965 30,940,270 3.07 % 868,737 20,022 16.3 6.19 61 20.8 % 6,434,876 0.93 % 3,337,111,983 22
1960 26,596,584 2.79 % 684,523 6,910 17.0 6.25 52 20.3 % 5,389,651 0.88 % 3,019,233,434 23
1955 23,173,970 2.57 % 552,466 -7,471 17.4 6.35 45 18.5 % 4,277,639 0.84 % 2,746,072,141 22
Source: Worldometer (www.Worldometers.info)
Elaboration of data by United Nations, Department of Economic and Social Affairs, Population Division. World Population Prospects: The 2022 Revision. (Medium-fertility variant).
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Thailand Population Forecast

18,999
YearPopulationYearly %
Change
Yearly
Change
Migrants (net)Median AgeFertility RateDensity (P/Km²)Urban
Pop %
Urban PopulationCountry's Share of
World Pop
World PopulationThailand
Global Rank
2025 71,953,054 0.13 % 95,478 18,999 41.2 1.32 141 53.3 % 38,343,775 0.88 % 8,191,988,453 20
2030 72,060,018 0.03 % 21,393 18,999 43.4 1.35 141 56.4 % 40,675,575 0.84 % 8,546,141,327 21
2035 71,737,106 -0.09 % -64,582 18,999 45.4 1.37 140 59.4 % 42,609,309 0.81 % 8,879,397,401 21
2040 70,916,075 -0.23 % -164,206 18,999 47.3 1.40 139 62.1 % 44,042,206 0.77 % 9,188,250,492 23
2045 69,620,972 -0.37 % -259,021 18,999 49.0 1.43 136 64.5 % 44,932,566 0.74 % 9,467,543,575 26
2050 67,880,083 -0.51 % -348,178   50.7 1.44 133 66.9 % 45,409,734 0.70 % 9,709,491,761 29
Source: Worldometer (www.Worldometers.info)
Elaboration of data by United Nations, Department of Economic and Social Affairs, Population Division. World Population Prospects: The 2022 Revision. (Medium-fertility variant).

Thailand Demographics

Main Page: Demographics of Thailand
Life Expectancy
79.91 years
(life expectancy at birth, both sexes)
View by sex and historical chart
Infant Mortality
6.9
(infant deaths per 1,000 live births)
View historical chart
Deaths under age 5
8.1
(per 1,000 live births)
View historical chart

Main Cities by Population in Thailand

(includes boroughs, districts, urban agglomerations, etc.)

# CITY NAME POPULATION
1 Bangkok 5,104,476
2 Samut Prakan 388,920
3 Mueang Nonthaburi 291,555
4 Udon Thani 247,231
5 Chon Buri 219,164
6 Nakhon Ratchasima 208,781
7 Chiang Mai 200,952
8 Hat Yai 191,696
9 Pak Kret 182,926
10 Si Racha 178,916
11 Phra Pradaeng 171,333
12 Lampang 156,139
13 Khon Kaen 147,579
14 Surat Thani 127,201
15 Ubon Ratchathani 122,533
16 Nakhon Si Thammarat 120,836
17 Khlong Luang 118,551
18 Nakhon Pathom 117,927
19 Rayong 106,737
20 Phitsanulok 103,427
21 Chanthaburi 99,819
22 Pattaya 97,296
23 Yala 93,558
24 Ratchaburi 92,448
25 Nakhon Sawan 91,802
26 Phuket 89,072
27 Ban Mai 86,899
28 Songkhla 84,264
29 Phra Nakhon Si Ayutthaya 81,962
30 Chiang Rai 78,756
31 Bang Kruai 78,305
32 Sakon Nakhon 76,237
33 Krathum Baen 72,819
34 Saraburi 67,763
35 Trang 66,713
36 Sattahip 65,444
37 Kanchanaburi 63,699
38 Nong Khai 63,609
39 Samut Sakhon 63,498
40 Ban Lam Luk Ka 60,700
41 Kamphaeng Phet 58,787
42 Chaiyaphum 58,350
43 Uttaradit 58,313
44 Lop Buri 57,761
45 Ban Pong 57,559
46 Phra Phutthabat 57,008
47 Chumphon 55,835
48 Klaeng 55,619
49 Kalasin 55,102
50 Suphan Buri 53,399
51 Tha Maka 52,907
52 Ban Talat Yai 52,192
53 Maha Sarakham 51,584
54 Phetchabun 50,656
55 Hua Hin 50,456
56 Ko Samui 50,000
57 Chachoengsao 49,741
58 Cha-am 49,375
59 Pak Chong 48,999
60 Narathiwat 47,771
61 Pran Buri 47,293
62 Surin 46,673
63 Phetchaburi 46,601
64 Chum Phae 46,335
65 Sadao 46,236
66 Si Sa Ket 44,751
67 Mae Sot 44,563
68 Pattani 43,690
69 Phatthalung 43,522
70 Lamphun 43,196

See also

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Notes

The Thailand Population (Live) counter shows a continuously updated estimate of the current population of Thailand delivered by Worldometer's RTS algorithm, which processes data collected from the United Nations Population Division.

The Population of Thailand (1950 - 2023) chart plots the total population count as of July 1 of each year, from 1950 to 2023.

The Yearly Population Growth Rate chart plots the annual percentage changes in population registered on July 1 of each year, from 1951 to 2023. This value can differ from the Yearly % Change shown in the historical table, which shows the last year equivalent percentage change assuming homogeneous change in the preceding five year period.

Definitions

Year: as of July 1 of the year indicated.

Population: Overall total population (both sexes and all ages) in the country as of July 1 of the year indicated, as estimated by the United Nations, Department of Economic and Social Affairs, Population Division. World Population Prospects: The 2022 Revision. For forecasted years, the U.N. medium-fertility variant is used.


Yearly % Change: For 2023: percentage change in total population over the last year (from July 1, 2022 to June 30 2023). For all other years: latest year annual percentage change equivalent assuming homogeneous change in the preceding five year period, calculated through reverse compounding.

Yearly Change: For 2023: absolute change in total population (increase or decrease in number of people) over the last year (from July 1, 2022 to June 30 2023). For all other years: average annual numerical change over the preceding five year period.

Migrants (net): The average annual number of immigrants minus the number of emigrants over the preceding five year period (running from July 1 to June 30 of the initial and final years), or subsequent five year period (for 2016 data). A negative number means that there are more emigrants than immigrants.

Median Age: age that divides the population into two numerically equal groups: half of the people are older than the median age indicated and half are younger. This parameter provides an indication of age distribution.

Fertility Rate: (Total Fertility Rate, or TFR), it is expressed as children per woman. It is calculated as the average number of children an average woman will have during her reproductive period (15 to 49 years old) based on the current fertility rates of every age group in the country, and assuming she is not subject to mortality.

Density (P/Km²): (Population Density) Population per square Kilometer (Km²).

Urban Pop % : Urban population as a percentage of total population.

Urban Population: Population living in areas classified as urban according to the criteria used by each country.

Country's Share of World Pop: Total population in the country as a percentage of total World Population as of July 1 of the year indicated.

World Population: Total World Population as of July 1 of the year indicated.

Global Rank: Position held by Thailand in the list of all countries worldwide ranked by population (from the highest population to the lowest population) as of July 1 of the year indicated.